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北海道大学水産科学研究彙報 = Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University >
第62巻 第3号 >

漁業権制度に関する沿岸集落住民の意識調査 : 北海道知内町小谷石地区及び中の川地区

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Title: 漁業権制度に関する沿岸集落住民の意識調査 : 北海道知内町小谷石地区及び中の川地区
Other Titles: Sentiment of Coastal Villagers about the Coastal Fisheries Right System
Authors: 村上, 祐一1 Browse this author
倉西, 森大2 Browse this author
Sawitree, Chamsai Browse this author
岡本, 純一郎4 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Murakami, Yuichi1
Kuranishi, Morio2
Okamoto, Junichiro4
Keywords: Fisheries right system
Community-based management
Special zone for reconstruction for fisheries
Issue Date: 14-Dec-2012
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院水産科学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学水産科学研究彙報
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University
Volume: 62
Issue: 3
Start Page: 51
End Page: 61
Abstract: The coastal fisheries right system (CFRS) in Japan derived from exclusive usufruct (legal right of use) of coastal communities is a typical community-based fisheries management system associated with local fisheries cooperative associations (FCAs). While community-based management in Japan has been viewed as a success, the system in Japan has recently faced challenges as the private sector seeks fisheries rights that have been preferentially granted to FCAs. After the Tsunami-disaster on March 11th, 2011, the Miyagi prefecture governor proposed creating a special zone for reconstruction that would allow companies to have fisheries rights, but many FCAs, including Tsunami affected prefectures opposed this plan. Regardless if they are fishers or non-fishers, people’s sentiment about the CFRS of coastal communities as a whole is important when considering the CFRS in light of current policy conflict between FCAs and groups seeking reform of the CFRS, because institutional derivation of current CFRS lies in historical usufruct of coastal communities. In this connection, research on sentiment of coastal villagers about the CFRS was conducted in two different types of villages in Shiriuchi town, Hokkaido, in November 2011. The results show that among both fishers and non-fishers, most people in both villages support the existing CFRS, and even non-fishers in both villages share general sentiment about importance of the CFRS for local fishers. However, less than of the people support allowing special arrangements of the CFRS to meet reconstruction needs for fisheries damaged by the Tsunami.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学水産科学研究彙報 = Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University > 第62巻 第3号

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