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北海道大学水産科学研究彙報 = Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University >
第62巻 第3号 >


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タイトル: クロレラに含まれるカロテノイドの定量とケン化反応による濃縮
その他のタイトル: Carotenoid Contents in Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Concentration by Saponification
著者: 加茂川, 寛之 著作を一覧する
細川, 雅史 著作を一覧する
阿部, 真幸 著作を一覧する
宮下, 和夫 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Carotenoids
Green leafy vegetable
発行日: 2012年12月14日
出版者: 北海道大学大学院水産科学研究院
誌名: 北海道大学水産科学研究彙報
掲載誌等別名: Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University
巻: 62
号: 3
開始ページ: 83
終了ページ: 88
抄録: Carotenoids are natural pigments found in plants, seaweeds, algae and bacteria. It is well know that carotenoids have physiological effects such as provitamin activity and antioxidative effect. Among carotenoids, -carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin are popular carotenoids in green leafy vegetables and green microalgae. Furthermore, violaxanthin and neoxanthin are also contained as minor carotenoids. These carotenoids are currently expected to exhibit health beneficial effects depend on their unique structure. However, there are only a few reports of quantitative analysis of neoxanthin and violaxanthin in microalgae. In the present, we therefore investigated that the carotenoid contents in Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Dunaliella salina, which are green microalgae, comparing their contents of green leafy vegetables. 9’-cis-Neoxanthin in Chlorella pyrenoidosa was high level of 120.9 g/g dry wt as same as that in Brassica rapa var. chinensis or Ocimum basilicum, while violaxanthin content was low. The content of lutein + zeaxanthin was 1125.2 g/g dry wt in Chlorella pyrenoidosa, which was the same level as Allium tuberosum. or Allium fistulosum. -Carotene content in Dunaliella salina was approximately 100-fold compared to green leafy vegetables. On the other hand, the carotenoids in total lipid from Chlorella pyrenoidosa was markedly concentrated in recovered lipid after saponification with potassium hydroxide. After 24 h saponification, the concentration of 9’-cis-neoxanthin in recovered lipid increased approximately 7.5-folds higher than that of chlorella lipid. Futhermore, total carotenoids concentration in the recovered lipid reached to 9.5-fold higher than that of chlorella lipid. These results show that chlorella lipid is a useful resource for 9’-cis-neoxanthin. Saponification is an effective method to concentrate 9’-cis-neoxanthin in chlorella lipid.
資料タイプ: bulletin (article)
出現コレクション:第62巻 第3号


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