HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc >

Selective expression of L-serine synthetic enzyme 3PGDH in schwann cells, perineuronal glia, and endoneurial fibroblasts along rat sciatic nerves and its upregulation after crush injury.

Files in This Item:
AHC66-5_429-436.pdf3.78 MBPDFView/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/51723

Title: Selective expression of L-serine synthetic enzyme 3PGDH in schwann cells, perineuronal glia, and endoneurial fibroblasts along rat sciatic nerves and its upregulation after crush injury.
Authors: Yamashita, Noboru Browse this author
Sakai, Kazuhisa Browse this author
Furuya, Shigeki Browse this author
Watanabe, Masahiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: Dec-2003
Publisher: Japan Society of Histological Documentation
Journal Title: Archives of histology and cytology
Volume: 66
Issue: 5
Start Page: 429
End Page: 436
PMID: 15018145
Abstract: Non-essential amino acid L-serine functions as a highly potent, glia-derived neurotrophic factor, because it is a precursor for syntheses of proteins, other amino acids, membrane lipids, and nucleotides, and also because its biosynthetic enzyme 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (3PGDH) is preferentially expressed in particular glial cells within the brain. Here we pursued 3PGDH expression in peripheral nerves and its change after crush injury. In the pathway of rat sciatic nerves, 3PGDH was selectively expressed in non-neuronal elements: Schwann sheaths and endoneurial fibroblasts in sciatic nerves, satellite cells in dorsal root ganglia, and astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the spinal ventral horn. In contrast, 3PGDH was immunonegative in axons, somata of spinal motoneurons and ganglion cells, and endoneurial macrophages. One week after crush injury, 3PGDH was upregulated in the distal segment of injured nerves, where 3PGDH was intensified in activated Schwann cells and fibroblasts. 3PGDH was still negative in activated macrophages, which were instead associated or surrounded by activated Schwann cells with intensified 3PGDH. These results suggest that in the peripheral nervous system, these non-neuronal cells synthesize and may supply L-serine to satisfy metabolic demands for maintenance and regeneration of peripheral nerves and for proliferation and activation of macrophages upon nerve injury.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/51723
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡邉 雅彦

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar )

MathJax is now OFF:


 

 - Hokkaido University