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Is RNA editing implicated in group II intron survival in the angiosperm mitochondrial genome?

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Title: Is RNA editing implicated in group II intron survival in the angiosperm mitochondrial genome?
Authors: Kagami, Hiroyo Browse this author
Nagano, Hironori Browse this author
Takahashi, Yoshiya Browse this author
Mikami, Tetsuo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kubo, Tomohiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: plant mitochondria
mitochondrial genome
group-II intron
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Journal Title: Genome
Volume: 55
Issue: 1
Start Page: 75
End Page: 79
Publisher DOI: 10.1139/g11-080
PMID: 22224446
Abstract: Introns may be considered as optional because they are removed from mRNA molecules, but introns are fairly preserved for unknown reasons. Previously, the mitochondrial rps3 gene of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L., Caryophyllales) was shown to represent a unique example of an intron loss. We have determined the distribution of the rps3 intron in 19 Caryophyllalean species. The intron was absent from the Amaranthaceae and the Achatocarpaceae. In the Caryophyllaceae, Dianthus japonicus rps3 was pseudogenized but the intronic sequence was retained. Intact intron-bearing rps3 copies were cloned from Portulaca grandiflora and Myrtillocactus geometrizans, members of the sister clade of the Amaranthaceae-Achatocarpaceae-Caryophyllaceae clade. Most of the C-to-U RNA-editing sites in Portulaca and Myrtillocactus rps3 transcripts were homologous in the two species as well as in the sugar beet rps3, which, unlike other 12 rps3 transcripts, lacks editing in the exonic regions around the intron. Provided that the loss of editing preceded the loss of rps3 intron, it appears conceivable that a requirement for editing could have prevented the loss of group-II introns retained in angiosperm mitochondrial genomes. This interpretation is an alternative to the conventional one that views the loss of editing as a mere trace of RNA-mediated gene conversion.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 久保 友彦

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