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Correlation between some physical properties of titanium dioxide particles and their photocatalytic activity for some probe reactions in aqueous systems

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Title: Correlation between some physical properties of titanium dioxide particles and their photocatalytic activity for some probe reactions in aqueous systems
Authors: Kominami, Hiroshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Murakami, Shinya Browse this author
Kato, Junichi Browse this author
Kera, Yoshiya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ohtani, bunsho Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 10-Oct-2002
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Journal Title: Journal of physical chemistry. B
Volume: 106
Issue: 40
Start Page: 10501
End Page: 10507
Publisher DOI: 10.1021/jp0147224
Abstract: Nanocrystalline anatase titanium(IV) oxide (TiO2) particles were synthesized by hydrothermal crystallization in organic media (HyCOM) followed by calcination at various temperatures up to 1273 K, and they were characterized by analysis of surface adsorption of the substrates, as well as by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Brunauer−Emmet−Teller (BET) surface area measurements. These HyCOM TiO2 samples were used for three kinds of photocatalytic reactions:  mineralization of acetic acid (AcOH) in aerated aqueous suspensions, dehydrogenation of 2-propanol (2-PrOH) by in situ platinized powders, and silver-metal deposition from silver ions (Ag+) in deaerated aqueous suspensions of bare TiO2 samples. Dependence of the photocatalytic activities on calcination temperature (Tc) and on the amount of adsorbed substrates in each reaction and correlations with the physical properties of HyCOM TiO2 were examined. In the case of mineralization of AcOH, the activitiy of each sample was almost proportional to the amount of surface-adsorbed AcOH in the dark, and the uncalcined (as-prepared) HyCOM TiO2 showed the highest activity, which was monotonically reduced with Tc, that is, with decrease in the amount of surface-adsorbed AcOH. On the other hand, in the case of silver-metal deposition, the photocatalytic activity was enhanced by calcination at higher temperature, despite the simultaneous decrease in the amount of surface-adsorbed Ag+ in the dark. Overall, the effects of calcination on the photocatalytic activities for several reaction systems strongly suggested that photocatalytic activity depends on two significant factors, adsorbability and recombination probability, corresponding to the specific surface area and crystallinity, respectively, and that the balance of these two factors determines the Tc dependence.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:触媒科学研究所 (Institute for Catalysis) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 大谷 文章

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