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Differences between bipolar and unipolar depression on Rorschach testing

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Title: Differences between bipolar and unipolar depression on Rorschach testing
Authors: Kimura, Hiromi Browse this author
Osaki, Akemi Browse this author
Kawashima, Rui Browse this author
Inoue, Takeshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakagawa, Shin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Katsuji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Asakura, Satoshi Browse this author
Tanaka, Teruaki Browse this author
Kitaichi, Yuji Browse this author
Masui, Takuya Browse this author
Kitagawa, Nobuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kako, Yuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Abekawa, Tomohiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kusumi, Ichiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yamanaka, Hiroyoshi Browse this author
Denda, Kenzo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Koyama, Tsukasa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: bipolar depression
bipolar disorder
Rorschach test
thought disorder
unipolar depression
Issue Date: 7-May-2013
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Journal Title: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume: 9
Start Page: 619
End Page: 627
Publisher DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S42702
PMID: 23682214
Abstract: Background: The bipolar-unipolar distinction in patients with a major depressive episode is the most important issue related to the diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders, but remains unresolved. This study was undertaken to compare bipolar and unipolar depression on Rorschach testing using the Comprehensive System with reference to healthy Japanese controls. Methods: Patients with bipolar or unipolar depression who had undergone the Rorschach test for routine clinical purposes were followed up naturalistically for a long period. Based on diagnostic confirmation after long-term follow-up, scores on this test for patients with bipolar and unipolar depression were compared with those published elsewhere for healthy Japanese controls. Results: The bipolar depression group showed significantly higher scores or positive findings in five variables of the Rorschach test, ie, WSum6, DR2 > 0, (CF + C) > FC + 2, PureC > 1, and Populars > 7, as assessed using the Comprehensive System, than did the unipolar depression group and healthy controls. These scores did not differ between the unipolar depression and control groups. Conclusion: The results of this study show thought disorder or cognitive slippage and marked laxness in modulating emotion in bipolar depression, indicating the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 井上 猛

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