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Seasonal variations in planktonic foraminiferal flux and oxygen isotopic composition in the western North Pacific : Implications for paleoceanographic reconstruction

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Title: Seasonal variations in planktonic foraminiferal flux and oxygen isotopic composition in the western North Pacific : Implications for paleoceanographic reconstruction
Authors: Sagawa, Takuya Browse this author
Kuroyanagi, Azumi Browse this author
Irino, Tomohisa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kuwae, Michinobu Browse this author
Kawahata, Hodaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: planktonic foraminifera
sediment traps
oxygen isotopes
Northwestern North Pacific
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
Journal Title: Marine Micropaleontology
Volume: 100
Start Page: 11
End Page: 20
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.03.013
Abstract: The oxygen isotopic composition (delta O-18) of planktonic foraminiferal shells in seafloor sediment provides information on past surface oceanography. Knowledge of seasonal and depth habitat, as well as the delta O-18 disequilibrium (vital effect), is essential to constrain the interpretation of sedimentary delta O-18. Here, we present a 1-year time series of planktonic foraminiferal shell fluxes and delta(18)Ofrom a sediment trap moored in the northwestern margin of the North Pacific. The vital effect and calcification depth for four species were estimated by comparing shell delta O-18 and the predicted values of equilibrium calcite calculated from temperature and estimated delta O-18 in seawater. Six major species (Neogloboquadrina incompta, Nedgloboquadrina dutertrei, Neogloboquadrina pachyderma, Globigerina quinqueloba, Globigerina bulloides, and Globorotalia scitula) constituted 97% of the total foraminiferal flux. Most major species showed large fluxes in June and December, corresponding to periods of the development and disruption of the seasonal thermocline, implying the importance of nutrient injection and/or circulation for foraminiferal fluxes. Additional peaks in N. dutertrei and N. pachyderma were observed in August. The seasonal successions of foraminiferal fluxes corresponded to surface ocean stratification conditions and food availability, which are closely related to circulation of local currents. Vital effect estimations suggest that shells calcified in equilibrium for G. bulloides and N. pachyderma [sinistral (s)1 and with a -0.7% offset for N. dutertrei [dextral (d)], a -1.0%, offset for N. incompta (d), and a -03% offset for N. pachyderma (d). The calculation of flux-weighted delta O-18 values reveals that the sedimentary delta O-18 values of G. bulloides, N. dutertrei (d), and N. incompta (d) reflect surface temperature in winter season, and those of N. pachyderma (s) and N. pachyderma (d) reflect summer and annual mean subsurface temperature, respectively. The shallow calcification depths for the four species suggest that delta O-18 between different species (Delta delta O-18) in the western North Pacific does not work for reconstructing past stratification conditions, unlike in other regions. Rather, the delta O-18 between N. pachyderma (s) and G. bulloides, N. dutertrei (d) or N. incompta (d) may be a more suitable proxy for past seasonality. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 入野 智久

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