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Effect of high iron concentrations on iron uptake and growth of a coastal diatom Chaetoceros sociale

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Title: Effect of high iron concentrations on iron uptake and growth of a coastal diatom Chaetoceros sociale
Authors: Iwade, S. Browse this author
Kuma, K. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Isoda, Y. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yoshida, M. Browse this author
Kudo, I. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nishioka, J. Browse this author
Suzuki, K. Browse this author
Keywords: Iron uptake
Growth rate
Luxury uptake
Bioavailable Fe
Inorganic Fe species
Coastal marine diatom
Chaetoceros sociale
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2006
Publisher: Inter-Research
Journal Title: Aquatic microbial ecology
Volume: 43
Issue: 2
Start Page: 177
End Page: 191
Publisher DOI: 10.3354/ame043177
Abstract: The growth and iron uptake of the coastal marine diatom Chaetoceros sociale were experimentally measured in batch experiments at 10°C to which an acidic Fe(III) stock solution was added. The direct input of Fe(III) into the culture media induced the highest iron uptake rate (~3.4 to 4.2 × 10–16 mol Fe cell–1 d–1) by C. sociale during the first day of the incubation, resulting from the supply of bioavailable inorganic Fe(III) species at levels above its expected equilibrium value (~0.1 nmol l–1) with solid amorphous Fe(III) hydroxide in seawater. The iron uptake rate during the first day of incubation in solid amorphous Fe(III) hydroxide medium aged for 1 d at 10°C was approximately 50% lower than that in the direct Fe(III) input media. We used a modified approach in which further iron uptake by C. sociale from external iron in the direct Fe(III) input media was prevented by adding hydroxamate siderophore desferrioxamine B (DFB) during cultivation. After the addition of DFB, the highest growth rate (~0.5 to 0.6 d–1) of C. sociale by intracellularly stored Fe in the direct Fe(III) input media was maintained for a few days since no iron uptake was observed after the DFB addition. The growth rate was independent of the amount of intracellularly stored Fe. However, the maximal cell yields appeared to be relatively dependent on the amount of intracellularly stored Fe, suggesting the presence of a critical concentration of intracellular Fe (minimum cellular Fe for growth) for phytoplankton growth (~1 × 10–16 mol Fe cell–1 for C. sociale). In the present study, maximal and minimal Fe quotas were 3.4 to 4.2 × 10–16 and ~1 × 10–16 mol Fe cell–1 (the maximal/minimal Fe ratio of 3.4 to 4.2), respectively. The high iron uptake and storage capacity in C. sociale allows this species to accumulate excess iron at high concentrations of bioavailable inorganic Fe species and to support up to 1.8 to 2.1 cell divisions without any additional iron uptake. In addition, we attempted to model the effect of luxury uptake on growth, as biodilution of cellular Fe eventually decreases the Fe quota to a critical threshold.
Rights: © 2006 Inter-Research
Type: article
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 久万 健志

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