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Surgical management of hepatocellular carcinoma with tumor thrombi in the inferior vena cava or right atrium

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Title: Surgical management of hepatocellular carcinoma with tumor thrombi in the inferior vena cava or right atrium
Authors: Wakayama, Kenji Browse this author
Kamiyama, Toshiya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yokoo, Hideki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kakisaka, Tatsuhiko Browse this author
Kamachi, Hirofumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tsuruga, Yosuke Browse this author
Nakanishi, Kazuaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shimamura, Tsuyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Todo, Satoru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Taketomi, Akinobu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma
Inferior vena cava
Right atrium
Tumor thrombus
Issue Date: 5-Oct-2013
Publisher: Biomed central ltd
Journal Title: World journal of surgical oncology
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Start Page: 259
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-11-259
PMID: 24093164
Abstract: Background: The prognosis for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with tumor thrombi in the inferior vena cava (IVC) or right atrium (RA) is poor, and there is no established effective treatment for this condition. Thus study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of surgical resection and prognosis after surgery for such cases. Methods: Between January 1990 and December 2012, 891 patients underwent hepatectomy for HCC at our institution. Of these, 13 patients (1.5%) diagnosed with advanced HCC with tumor thrombi in the IVC or RA underwent hepatectomy and thrombectomy. Data detailing the surgical outcome were evaluated and recurrence-free and overall survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Seven patients had an IVC thrombus and six had an RA thrombus. Extra-hepatic metastasis was diagnosed in 8 of 13 patients. Surgical procedures included three extended right lobectomies, three extended left lobectomies, five right lobectomies, and two sectionectomies. Right adrenal gland metastases were excised simultaneously in two patients. All IVC thrombi were removed under hepatic vascular exclusion and all RA thrombi were removed under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Four patients (30.8%) experienced controllable postoperative complications, and there was no surgical mortality. The mean postoperative hospital stay for patients with IVC and RA thrombi was 23.6 +/- 12.5 days and 21.2 +/- 4.6 days, respectively. Curative resection was performed in 5 of 13 cases. The 1- and 3-year overall survival rates were 50.4%, and 21.0%, respectively, and the median survival duration was 15.3 months. The 1- and 3-year overall survival rates for patients who underwent curative surgical resection were 80.0% and 30.0%, respectively, with a median survival duration of 30.8 months. All patients who underwent curative resection developed postoperative recurrences, with a median recurrence-free survival duration of 3.8 months. The 1- year survival rate for patients who underwent noncurative surgery and had residual tumors was 29.2%, with a median survival duration of 10.5 months. Conclusions: Aggressive surgical resection for HCC with tumor thrombi in the IVC or RA can be performed safely and may improve the prognoses of these patients. However, early recurrence and treatment for recurrent or metastatic tumors remain unresolved issues.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 神山 俊哉

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