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Distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, alkenones and polyunsaturated fatty acids in suspended particulate organic matter in the East China Sea

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Title: Distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, alkenones and polyunsaturated fatty acids in suspended particulate organic matter in the East China Sea
Authors: Nakanishi, Takahiro Browse this author
Yamamoto, Masanobu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Irino, Tomohisa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tada, Ryuji Browse this author
Keywords: GDGT
TEX86
Alkenone
U^[K']_[37']
POM
The East China Sea
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: Oceanographic Society of Japan
Journal Title: Journal of Oceanography
Volume: 68
Issue: 6
Start Page: 959
End Page: 970
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10872-012-0146-4
Abstract: We investigated the spatial distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), alkenones, and polyunsaturated fatty acids in particulate organic matter collected at four sites along a depth transect from the continental shelf to the Okinawa Trough in the East China Sea during the spring bloom in 2008. The maximum alkenone concentration appeared in the top 25 m at all sites and the U^[K']_[37] values were consistent with in-situ water temperatures in the depth interval, suggesting that the alkenones were produced mainly in surface water. At the slope and shelf sites, GDGTs in the water column showed a concentration maximum at 74-99 m depth, and the TEX^[H]_[86] agreed with in-situ water temperatures, suggesting the in-situ production of GDGTs in the depth interval. The low-salinity surface water above 20 m depth was characterized by low GDGT concentrations and low TEX^[L]_[86]-based temperatures, suggesting either the production of GDGTs in winter season or the lateral advection of GDGTs by an eastward current. At the slope and Okinawa Trough sites, TEX86-based temperatures were nearly constant in the water column deeper than 300 m and corresponded to temperatures at the surface and near-surface waters rather than in situ temperatures. This observation is consistent with a hypothesis that Thaumarchaeota cells produced in surface waters are delivered to deeper water and also indicates that the residence time of suspended GDGTs in the deep water column is large enough to mix the GDGTs produced in different seasons.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/54010
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 山本 正伸

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