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Trawling experiment in a circular water tank to assess the effects of towing speed, light intensity, and mesh shape on active escape of undersized fish

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Title: Trawling experiment in a circular water tank to assess the effects of towing speed, light intensity, and mesh shape on active escape of undersized fish
Authors: Gabr, Mohamed Browse this author
Fujimori, Yasuzumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shimizu, Susumu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Miura, Teisuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Active escape behavior
Diamond mesh panel
Japanese dace
Light intensity
Simulated trawling
Square mesh panel
Towing speed
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2007
Publisher: Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Journal Title: Fisheries Science
Volume: 73
Issue: 3
Start Page: 557
End Page: 564
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2007.01368.x
Abstract: To assess the effect of towing speed and light intensity on the active escape of undersized fish through diamond and square mesh panels, a trawling experiment was simulated in a circular water tank. Juveniles of Japanese dace Tribolodon hakonensis (13-cm length class) were used as experimental fish. They were forced to swim inside a closed framed net with either diamond or square mesh (65-mm mesh size) that was moved using a speed-controllable motor. A submersible infrared CCD camera was used to observe and record the behavior of fish inside the net when it passed in front of the camera. Results indicated significant effects of towing speeds and light intensities (P < 0.05) on the escape of fish through the diamond and square meshes. Increase in light intensity enhanced the ability of fish to escape at lower towing speeds. At higher towing speeds, few fish could escape under light conditions. A strong negative correlation was found between towing speed and the frequency of fish escape (diamond mesh R2 = 0.99, square mesh R2 = 0.96). There was no significant difference between the numbers of fish escaping through the diamond and square meshes. These results suggest that the square-mesh panel may not be effective in the trawl cod end under dark or very low light intensity at high towing speed.
Rights: © 2007 公益社団法人日本水産学会
© 2007 The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/55194
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 藤森 康澄

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