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The association between suicide risk and self-esteem in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes of major depressive disorder

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Title: The association between suicide risk and self-esteem in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes of major depressive disorder
Authors: Mitsui, Nobuyuki Browse this author
Asakura, Satoshi Browse this author
Shimizu, Yusuke Browse this author
Fujii, Yutaka Browse this author
Toyomaki, Atsuhito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kako, Yuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tanaka, Teruaki Browse this author
Kitagawa, Nobuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Inoue, Takeshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kusumi, Ichiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: suicide risk
self-esteem
quality of life
young adults
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Journal Title: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume: 10
Start Page: 811
End Page: 816
Publisher DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S59349
PMID: 24868158
Abstract: Background: The suicide risk among young adults is related to multiple factors; therefore, it is difficult to predict and prevent suicidal behavior. Aim: We conducted the present study to reveal the most important factors relating to suicidal ideation in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes (MDEs) of major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: The subjects were 30 Japanese university students who had MDEs of MDD, and were aged between 18 and 26 years old. They were divided into two groups - without suicide risk group (n= 15), and with suicide risk group (n= 15) - based on the results of the Mini - International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Additionally, healthy controls were recruited from the same population (n= 15). All subjects completed the self- assessment scales including the Beck Depression Inventory 2nd edition (BDI-II), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and SF-36v2 (TM) (The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form health survey version 2), and they were all administered a battery of neuropsychological tests. Results: The RSES score of the suicide risk group was significantly lower than the RSES score of the without suicide risk group, whereas the BDI-II score and the BHS score were not - significantly different between the two groups. The mean social functioning score on the SF-36v2 of the with suicide risk group was significantly lower than that of the without suicide risk group. Conclusion: The individual's self- esteem and social functioning may play an important role in suicide risk among young adults with MDEs of MDD.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56528
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 久住 一郎

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