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Brain activity during the flow experience : A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56752

Title: Brain activity during the flow experience : A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study
Authors: Yoshida, Kazuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sawamura, Daisuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Inagaki, Yuji Browse this author
Ogawa, Keita Browse this author
Ikoma, Katsunori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sakai, Shinya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Flow experience
fNIRS
Brain activity
Prefrontal cortex
Video game task
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Neuroscience Letters
Volume: 573
Start Page: 30
End Page: 34
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2014.05.011
PMID: 24836375
Abstract: Flow is the holistic experience felt when an individual acts with total involvement. Although flow is likely associated with many functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), such as attention, emotion, and reward processing, no study has directly investigated the activity of the PFC during flow. The objective of this study was to examine activity in the PFC during the flow state using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Twenty right-handed university students performed a video game task under conditions designed to induce psychological states of flow and boredom. During each task and when completing the flow state scale for occupational tasks, change in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration in frontal brain regions was measured using fNIRS. During the flow condition, oxy-Hb concentration was significantly increased in the right and left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Oxy-Hb concentration tended to decrease in the boredom condition. There was a significant increase in oxy-Hb concentration in the right and left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, right and left frontal pole areas, and left ventrolateral PFC when participants were completing the flow state scale after performing the task in the flow condition. In conclusion, flow is associated with activity of the PFC, and may therefore be associated with functions such as cognition, emotion, maintenance of internal goals, and reward processing. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56752
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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