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Biosynthetic Pathway and Health Benefits of Fucoxanthin, an Algae-Specific Xanthophyll in Brown Seaweeds

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56883

Title: Biosynthetic Pathway and Health Benefits of Fucoxanthin, an Algae-Specific Xanthophyll in Brown Seaweeds
Authors: Mikami, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hosokawa, Masashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: biosynthetic pathway
brown seaweed
carotenoid
carotenogenic gene
Ectocarpus siliculosus
fucoxanthin; genome
health benefit
Issue Date: 2-Jun-2013
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 14
Issue: 7
Start Page: 13763
End Page: 13781
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijms140713763
Abstract: Fucoxanthin is the main carotenoid produced in brown algae as a component of the light-harvesting complex for photosynthesis and photoprotection. In contrast to the complete elucidation of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathways in red and green algae, the biosynthetic pathway of fucoxanthin in brown algae is not fully understood. Recently, two models for the fucoxanthin biosynthetic pathway have been proposed in unicellular diatoms; however, there is no such information for the pathway in brown seaweeds to date. Here, we propose a biosynthetic pathway for fucoxanthin in the brown seaweed, Ectocarpus siliculosus, derived from comparison of carotenogenic genes in its sequenced genome with those in the genomes of two diatoms, Thalassiosira pseudonana and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Currently, fucoxanthin is receiving attention, due to its potential benefits for human health. Therefore, new knowledge regarding the medical and nutraceutical properties of fucoxanthin from brown seaweeds is also summarized here.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56883
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 三上 浩司

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