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Long-term change in coral cover and the effectiveness of marine protected areas in the Philippines: a meta-analysis

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Title: Long-term change in coral cover and the effectiveness of marine protected areas in the Philippines: a meta-analysis
Authors: Magdaong, Evangeline T. Browse this author
Fujii, Masahiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yamano, Hiroya Browse this author
Licuanan, Wilfredo Y. Browse this author
Maypa, Aileen Browse this author
Campos, Wilfredo L. Browse this author
Alcala, Angel C. Browse this author
White, Alan T. Browse this author
Apistar, Dean Browse this author
Martinez, Rafael Browse this author
Keywords: Coral cover
Meta-analysis
Marine protected areas
Bleaching
Philippines
Issue Date: Jul-2014
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Hydrobiologia
Volume: 733
Issue: 1
Start Page: 5
End Page: 17
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10750-013-1720-5
Abstract: Although coral declines have been reported from major reefs of the world, region-specific trends still remain unclear, particularly in areas with high diversity such as the Philippines. We assessed the temporal patterns of the magnitude and trajectory of coral cover change in the Philippines using survey data collected from 317 sites. We examined the rate of change in coral cover in relation to time, effects of bleaching and protection against fishing and assessed the efficacy of marine protected areas (MPAs) using meta-analysis. Results showed an overall increase in coral cover in the Philippines from 1981 to 2010. Protection from fishing contributed to the overall increase in the mean annual rate of change as the coral cover significantly increased within MPAs than outside. The significant differences in the rate of coral cover change through time were influenced by chronic anthropogenic stresses, coinciding with the timing of thermal stress and the establishment of MPAs. The rate of change in coral cover was independent of the level of protection and the age and size of MPA.
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013. "The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com"
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/57266
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 藤井 賢彦

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