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Dual tracer evaluation of dynamic changes in intratumoral hypoxic and proliferative states after radiotherapy of human head and neck cancer xenografts using radiolabeled FMISO and FLT

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Title: Dual tracer evaluation of dynamic changes in intratumoral hypoxic and proliferative states after radiotherapy of human head and neck cancer xenografts using radiolabeled FMISO and FLT
Authors: Fatema, Chowdhury Nusrat Browse this author
Zhao, Songji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Zhao, Yan Browse this author
Yu, Wenwen Browse this author
Nishijima, Ken-ichi Browse this author
Yasuda, Koichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kitagawa, Yoshimasa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tamaki, Nagara Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kuge, Yuji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Fluoromisonidazole
Fluorothymidine
Radiotherapy
Tumor reoxygenation and proliferation
Head and neck cancer xenograft
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2014
Publisher: Biomed Central
Journal Title: BMC Cancer
Volume: 14
Start Page: 692
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-692
Abstract: Background: Radiotherapy is an important treatment strategy for head and neck cancers. Tumor hypoxia and repopulation adversely affect the radiotherapy outcome. Accordingly, fractionated radiotherapy with dose escalation or altered fractionation schedule is used to prevent hypoxia and repopulation. F-18-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) and F-18-fluorothymidine (FLT) are noninvasive markers for assessing tumor hypoxia and proliferation, respectively. Thus, we evaluated the dynamic changes in intratumoral hypoxic and proliferative states following radiotherapy using the dual tracers of F-18-FMISO and H-3-FLT, and further verified the results by immunohistochemical staining of pimonidazole (a hypoxia marker) and Ki-67 (a proliferation marker) in human head and neck cancer xenografts (FaDu). Methods: FaDu xenografts were established in nude mice and assigned to the non-radiation-treated control and two radiation-treated groups (10- and 20-Gy). Tumor volume was measured daily. Mice were sacrificed 6, 24, and 48 hrs and 7 days after radiotherapy. F-18-FMISO, and H-3-FLT and pimonidazole were injected intravenously 4 and 2 hrs before sacrifice, respectively. Intratumoral F-18-FMISO and H-3-FLT levels were assessed by autoradiography. Pimonidazole and Ki-67 immunohistochemistries were performed. Results: In radiation-treated mice, tumor growth was significantly suppressed compared with the control group, but the tumor volume in these mice gradually increased with time. Visual inspection showed that intratumoral F-18-FMISO and H-3-FLT distribution patterns were markedly different. Intratumoral F-18-FMISO level did not show significant changes after radiotherapy among the non-radiation-treated control and radiation-treated groups, whereas H-3-FLT level markedly decreased to 59 and 45% of the non-radiation-treated control at 6 hrs (p < 0.0001) and then gradually increased with time in the 10- and 20-Gy-radiation-treated groups. The pimonidazole-positive hypoxic areas were visually similar in both the non-radiation-treated control and radiation-treated groups. No significant differences were observed in the percentage of pimonidazole-positive cells and Ki-67 index. Conclusion: Intratumoral F-18-FMISO level did not change until 7 days, whereas H-3-FLT level markedly decreased at 6 hrs and then gradually increased with time after a single dose of radiotherapy. The concomitant monitoring of dynamic changes in tumor hypoxia and proliferation may provide important information for a better understanding of tumor biology after radiotherapy and for radiotherapy planning, including dose escalation and altered fractionation schedules.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.ja
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/57342
Appears in Collections:国際連携研究教育局 : GI-CoRE (Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education : GI-CoRE) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)
医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 趙 松吉

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