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北方言語研究 = Northern Language Studies >
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モンゴル語の存在・コピュラ動詞のテンス・ムード用法について : 日本語のムードの「タ」との対照を通して

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Title: モンゴル語の存在・コピュラ動詞のテンス・ムード用法について : 日本語のムードの「タ」との対照を通して
Other Titles: Tense and Mood Use of the Existential/Copula Verb in Mongolian : a Comparison with Japanese ta
Authors: 伶, 艶1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Yan, Ling1
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2015
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科
Journal Title: 北方言語研究
Volume: 5
Start Page: 171
End Page: 190
Abstract: This paper investigates the mood use, such as “discovery”, “recall”, and “modification of a previous assumption”, of the past forms of the state verb baiqu in Mongolian. Basically, a non-past form is used when the speaker discovers something without any previous knowledge of it, and a past form is used when confirming/ modifying a prior assumption or an existing knowledge. Bai-jai is usually used for “discovery”, “recall”, “modification of the speaker’s previous assumption” when the modification itself actually occurs due to the recall. Bai -γsan instead is used in conjunction with other modality affixes, as it owns an adnominal form. A comparison reveals that in Japanese the past form -ta is used for “actual discovery”, “confirmation of a previous knowledge” and “modification of a previous assumption of the listener”, while in Mongolian the non-past form baiqu is used in the same situations.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北方言語研究 = Northern Language Studies > 第5号

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