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Lead poisoning in children from townships in the vicinity of a lead-zinc mine in Kabwe, Zambia

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Title: Lead poisoning in children from townships in the vicinity of a lead-zinc mine in Kabwe, Zambia
Authors: Yabe, John Browse this author
Nakayama, Shouta M. M. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ikenaka, Yoshinori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yohannes, Yared B. Browse this author
Bortey-Sam, Nesta Browse this author
Oroszlany, Balazs Browse this author
Muzandu, Kaampwe Browse this author
Choongo, Kennedy Browse this author
Kabalo, Abel Nketani Browse this author
Ntapisha, John Browse this author
Mweene, Aaron Browse this author
Umemura, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ishizuka, Mayumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Children
Lead poisoning
Pb-Zn mine
Issue Date: Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Chemosphere
Volume: 119
Start Page: 941
End Page: 947
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.09.028
PMID: 25303652
Abstract: Childhood lead poisoning is a serious public health concern worldwide. Blood lead levels exceeding 5 mu g dL(-1) are considered elevated. In Kabwe, the capital of Zambia's Central Province, extensive Pb contamination of township soils in the vicinity of a Pb-Zn mine and posing serious health risk to children has been reported. We investigated BLLs in children under the age of 7 years in townships around the mine; where blood samples were collected and analyzed using an ICP-MS. All of the sampled children had BLLs exceeding 5 mu g dL(-1). Children in these areas could be at serious risk of Pb toxicity as 18% of the sampled children in Chowa, 57% (Kasanda) and 25% (Makululu) had BLLs exceeding 65 mu g dL(-1). Eight children had BLLs exceeding 150 mu g dL(-1) with the maximum being 427.8 mu g dL(-1). We recommend that medical intervention be commenced in the children with BLL exceeding 45 mu g dL(-1). (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 石塚 真由美

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