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Evaluation of sea-surface salinity observed by Aquarius

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Title: Evaluation of sea-surface salinity observed by Aquarius
Authors: Abe, Hiroto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ebuchi, Naoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: satellite remote sensing
sea-surface salinity
microwave radiometer
global water cycle
air-sea interaction
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of geophysical research : oceans
Volume: 119
Issue: 11
Start Page: 8109
End Page: 8121
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010094
Abstract: Sea-surface salinity (SSS) observed by Aquarius was compared with global observations from Argo floats and offshore moored buoys to evaluate the quality of satellite SSS data and to assess error structures. Aquarius products retrieved by different algorithms (Aquarius Official Release version 3.0 [V3.0], Combined Active-Passive [CAP] algorithm version 3.0, and Remote Sensing Systems test bed algorithm version 3) were compared. The Aquarius SSS was in good agreement with in situ salinity measurements for all three products. Root-mean-square (rms) differences of the salinity residual, with respect to Argo salinity, ranged from 0.41 to 0.52 psu. These three Aquarius products exhibit high SSS deviation from Argo salinity under lower sea-surface temperature conditions (<10 degrees C) due to lower sensitivity of microwave emissivity to SSS. The CAP product deviates under strong wind conditions (>10 m s(-1)), probably due to model bias and uncertainty associated with sea-surface roughness. Furthermore, significant SSS differences between ascending (south-to-north) and descending (north-to-south) paths were detected. The monthly averaged Aquarius SSS (1 degrees x 1 degrees grid) was also compared with outputs from the ocean data optimal interpolation (OI) system operated by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science Technology (JAMSTEC) and the ocean data assimilation system used by the Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency (MRI/JMA). Negative bias, attributed to near-surface salinity stratification by precipitation, was detected in tropical regions. For 40 degrees S-40 degrees N, rms difference, with respect to JAMSTEC OI, is 0.27 psu for the V3.0, while the CAP product rms difference is only 0.22 psu, which is close to the Aquarius mission goal. Key Points <list id="jgrc20976-list-0001" list-type="bulleted"> <list-item id="jgrc20976-li-0001">Sea-surface salinity (SSS) observed by Aquarius was evaluated using in situ data <list-item id="jgrc20976-li-0002">SSS retrieved by three different algorithms were compared with each other <list-item id="jgrc20976-li-0003">Error structure of the retrieved SSS was characterized by residual analyses
Rights: Copyright 2014 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 阿部 泰人

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