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Overturning circulation that ventilates the intermediate layer of the Sea of Okhotsk and the North Pacific

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Title: Overturning circulation that ventilates the intermediate layer of the Sea of Okhotsk and the North Pacific
Other Titles: オホーツク海と北太平洋の中層を通気するオーバーターン循環
Authors: 松田, 淳二1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Matsuda, Junji1
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2014
Publisher: Hokkaido University
Abstract: Dense Shelf Water (DSW) formation in the northwestern continental shelf in the Sea of Okhotsk is the beginning of the lower limb of the overturning circulation that ventilates the intermediate layer of the North Pacific Ocean. The upper limb consisting of surface currents in the Okhotsk Sea and the subarctic gyre has been identified only vaguely. Using a high resolution North Pacific Ocean model with a curvilinear grid as fine as 3km × 3km in the Sea of Okhotsk, we succeeded in representing the three-dimensional structure of the overturning circulation including the narrow boundary currents and flows through straits that constitute the upper limb, as well as the lower limb consisting of DSW formation and ventilation. In particular, pathways and timescales from the Bering Sea to the intermediate layer via the ventilation in the Sea of Okhotsk were examined in detail using tracer experiments. Further, we found that the overturning circulation that connects surface and intermediate layer is sensitive to wind stress. In case of strong winds, the coastal current under polynyas where DSW forms is intensified, and consequently diapycnal transport from the surface layer to the intermediate layer increases. Strong winds also induce positive sea surface salinity anomaly in the subarctic region, causing a significant decrease in the density stratification and increase in the DSW salinity (i.e. density). These processes act together to allow intense overturning circulation and deep ventilation, which may subduct even to the bottom of the Sea of Okhotsk if the wind is extremely strong. We also examined the sensitivity to fresh water flux and found that salinity variations in the eastern Bering Sea propagates to the Sea of Okhotsk, and affects SSS in the Sea of Okhotsk and then overturning circulation.
Conffering University: 北海道大学
Degree Report Number: 甲第11495号
Degree Level: 博士
Degree Discipline: 環境科学
Examination Committee Members: (主査) 教授 三寺 史夫, 教授 大島 慶一郎, 講師 中村 知裕, 主任研究員 野中 正見 (独立行政法人海洋研究開発機構)
Degree Affiliation: 環境科学院(地球圏科学専攻)
Type: theses (doctoral)
Appears in Collections:学位論文 (Theses) > 博士 (環境科学)
課程博士 (Doctorate by way of Advanced Course) > 環境科学院(Graduate School of Environmental Science)

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