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Characterization of mouse mediastinal fat-associated lymphoid clusters

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Title: Characterization of mouse mediastinal fat-associated lymphoid clusters
Authors: Elewa, Yaser Hosny Ali Browse this author →ORCID
Ichii, Osamu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Otsuka, Saori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hashimoto, Yoshiharu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kon, Yasuhiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Mediastinal
Adipose tissue
Lymphoid cluster
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Cell and Tissue Research
Volume: 357
Issue: 3
Start Page: 731
End Page: 741
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00441-014-1889-6
Abstract: The association between adipose tissue and immunity has been established and fat-associated lymphoid clusters (FALCs) are considered as a source of immune cells. We discovered lymphoid clusters (LCs) in mouse mediastinal fat tissues (MFTs). In Th1-biased C57BL/6N (B6), Th2-biased DBA/2Cr (DBA) and autoimmune-prone MRL/MpJ (MRL) mice strains, LCs without a fibrous capsule and germinal center were observed in white-colored MFTs extending from the diaphragm to the heart. The number and size of the LCs were larger in 12-month-old mice than in 3-month-old mice in all of the examined strains. Moreover, B6 had an especially large number of LCs compared with DBA and MRL. The immune cells in the LCs consisted of mainly T-cells and some B-cells. The majority of T-cells were CD4+ helper T (Th) cells, rather than CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells and no obvious immune cell population difference was present among the strains. Furthermore, high endothelial venules and lymphatic vessels in the LCs were better developed in B6 mice than in the other strains. Interestingly, some CD133+ hematopoietic progenitor cells and some c-Kit+/CD127+ natural helper cells were detected in the LCs. BrdU+ proliferating cells were more abundant in the LCs of B6 mice than in the LCs of the other strains and the number of BrdU+ cells increased with age. This is the first report of LCs in mouse MFTs. We suggest that the mouse genetic background affects LC size and number. We term the LCs "mediastinal fat-associated lymphoid clusters". These clusters can be considered as niches for Th cell production.
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Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 昆 泰寛

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