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Structure, biomass distribution and trophodynamics of the pelagic ecosystem in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific

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タイトル: Structure, biomass distribution and trophodynamics of the pelagic ecosystem in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific
著者: Ikeda, Tsutomu 著作を一覧する
Shiga, Naonobu 著作を一覧する
Yamaguchi, Atsushi 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Oyashio
pelagic ecosystem
community structure
biomass
production
trophic level
ecological efficiency
keystone species
発行日: 2008年 6月
出版者: Springer
誌名: Journal of Oceanography
巻: 64
号: 3
開始ページ: 339
終了ページ: 354
出版社 DOI: 10.1007/s10872-008-0027-z
抄録: Biomass distribution and trophodynamics in the oceanic ecosystem in the Oyashio region are presented and analyzed, combining the seasonal data for plankton and micronekton collected at Site H since 1996 with data for nekton and other animals at higher trophic levels from various sources. The total biomass of biological components including bacteria, phytoplankton, microzooplankton, mesozooplankton, micronekton, fishes/squids and marine birds/mammals was 23 g C m−2, among which the most dominant component was mesozooplankton (34% of the total), followed by phytoplankton (28%), bacteria (15%) and microzooplankton (protozoans) (14%). The remainder (9%) was largely composed of micronekton and fish/squid. Marine mammals/birds are only a small fraction (0.14%) of the total biomass. Large/medium grazing copepods (Neocalaus spp., Eucalanus bungii and Metridia spp.) accounted for 77% of the mesozooplankton biomass. Based on information about diet composition, predators were assigned broadly into mean trophic level 3–4, and carbon flow through the grazing food chain was established based on the estimated annual production/food consumption balance of each trophic level. From the food chain scheme, ecological efficiencies as high as 24% were calculated for the primary/secondary production and 21% for the secondary/tertiary production. Biomass and production of bacteria were estimated as 1/10 of the respective values for phytoplankton at Site H, but the role of the microbial food chain remains unresolved in the present analysis. As keystone species in the oceanic Oyashio region, Neocalanus spp. are suggested as a vital link between primary production and production of pelagic fishes, mammals and birds.
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-008-0027-z
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/59805
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 池田 勉

 

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