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Laboratory photochemical processing of aqueous aerosols : formation and degradation of dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids and alpha-dicarbonyls

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Title: Laboratory photochemical processing of aqueous aerosols : formation and degradation of dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids and alpha-dicarbonyls
Authors: Pavuluri, C. M. Browse this author
Kawamura, K. Browse this author
Mihalopoulos, N. Browse this author
Swaminathan, T. Browse this author
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh
Journal Title: Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Volume: 15
Issue: 14
Start Page: 7999
End Page: 8012
Publisher DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-7999-2015
Abstract: To better understand the photochemical processing of dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds, we conducted batch UV irradiation experiments on two types of aerosol samples collected from India, which represent anthropogenic (AA) and biogenic (BA) aerosols, for time periods of 0.5 to 120 h. The irradiated samples were analyzed for molecular compositions of diacids, oxoacids and alpha-dicarbonyls. The results show that photochemical degradation of oxalic (C-2), malonic (C-3) and other C-8-C-12 diacids overwhelmed their production in aqueous aerosols, whereas succinic acid (C-4) and C-5-C-7 diacids showed a significant increase (ca. 10 times) during the course of irradiation experiments. The photochemical formation of oxoacids and alpha-dicarbonyls overwhelmed their degradation during the early stages of experiment except for omega-oxooctanoic acid (omega C-8), which showed a similar pattern to that of C-4. We also found a gradual decrease in the relative abundance of C-2 to total diacids and an increase in the relative abundance of C-4 during prolonged experiment. Based on the changes in concentrations and mass ratios of selected species with the irradiation time, we hypothesize that iron-catalyzed photolysis of C-2 and C-3 diacids controls their concentrations in Fe-rich atmospheric waters, whereas photochemical formation of C-4 diacid (via omega C-8) is enhanced with photochemical processing of aqueous aerosols in the atmosphere. This study demonstrates that the ambient aerosols contain abundant precursors that produce diacids, oxoacids and alpha-dicarbonyls, although some species such as oxalic acid decompose extensively during an early stage of photochemical processing.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/59822
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 河村 公隆

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