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In Situ Observation of Ca2+ Diffusion-Induced Superstructure Formation of a Rigid Polyanion

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Title: In Situ Observation of Ca2+ Diffusion-Induced Superstructure Formation of a Rigid Polyanion
Authors: Wu, Zi Liang Browse this author
Takahashi, Riku Browse this author
Sawada, Daisuke Browse this author
Arifuzzaman, Md. Browse this author
Nakajima, Tasuku Browse this author
Kurokawa, Takayuki Browse this author
Hu, Jian Browse this author
Gong, Jian Ping Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 28-Oct-2014
Journal Title: Macromolecules
Volume: 47
Issue: 20
Start Page: 7208
End Page: 7214
Publisher DOI: 10.1021/ma501699d
Abstract: Diffusion of multivalent metallic ions into aqueous solution of rigid, negatively charged macromolecules of high concentration is an effective approach to prepare macroscopically anisotropic hydrogels. However, the mechanism for superstructure formation is still not clear. By observing the mixing process of a small drop of CaCl2 solution with solution of a rigid polyanion, poly(2,2′- disulfonyl-4,4′-benzidine terephthalamide) (PBDT), under the polarizing optical microscope, the diffusion profile of Ca2+ and detailed anisotropic gelation process of PBDT are revealed. Diffusion of Ca2+ into the surrounding PBDT solution immediately induces the formation of physical liquid crystalline (LC) gel with concentric alignment of PBDT. The thickness d of this region increases with diffusion time t, obeying the diffusion law d ∼ t1/2. A thin ring of constant width (∼100 μm) with radial alignment of PBDT appears at the diffusion/reaction front, ahead of the concentric alignment region. When two drops of CaCl2 fluxes meet, their outside thin rings interact with each other and the PBDT in this contacting region orients ±45° to the midline of the two drops. From these observations, we rationally contend that the internal stress induced by the contraction of gel phase is responsible for the ion diffusion-induced PBDT orientations. This structure formation mechanism gives insight into other diffusion-directed anisotropic gelation systems.
Rights: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Macromolecules, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:生命科学院・先端生命科学研究院 (Graduate School of Life Science / Faculty of Advanced Life Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 龔 剣萍 (Gong Jian Ping)

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