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Awareness and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among residents of Kandy, Sri Lanka

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Title: Awareness and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among residents of Kandy, Sri Lanka
Authors: Navaratna, Samidi Browse this author
Kanda, Koji Browse this author
Dharmaratne, Samath D. Browse this author
Tennakoon, Sampath Browse this author
Jayasinghe, Ananda Browse this author
Jayasekara, Niroshan Browse this author
Nagano, Katsutoshi Browse this author
Obayashi, Yoshihide Browse this author
Arai, Asuna Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tamashiro, Hiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: general population
attitudes: stigma
Sri Lanka
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2015
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: AIDS care : psychological and socio-medical aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume: 27
Issue: 3
Start Page: 387
End Page: 391
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2014.963496
Abstract: Currently, interventions for HIV/AIDS control in Sri Lanka are only carried out among the most-at-risk populations. This study was conducted to identify the level of awareness and stigma-related attitudes among the general population of Sri Lanka. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 869 residents of 18-64 years of age in Kandy, Sri Lanka. A self-administered questionnaire was utilised to obtain information about stigma, discrimination and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge. Chi-square test and multivariate analysis were applied to find possible associations between HIV-related variables and socio-demographic indicators. Response rate was 82.0%. Overall, 93.5% of the participants have heard of HIV/AIDS but the knowledge on HIV/AIDS was low with an average score of 51.7%, no statistically significant difference between genders (p = 0.352). Only 58.1% were aware that a condom was an effective tool for its prevention. There were many misconceptions related to epidemiology of HIV/AIDS. The participants showed more positive attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) for all questionnaire items except for those listed under shame and blame. Positive attitudes towards PLHIV were observed to be greater among those with a better HIV/AIDS-related knowledge score. There was no significant association between the attitudes towards PLHIV and socio-demographic characteristics such as ethnicity and religion. There is a greater need of making attempts towards educating the public regarding HIV/AIDS to eliminate misconceptions prevalent in the society. Stigma-related attitudes are mainly due to shame and blame associated with the disease. As the attitudes towards PLHIV were more positive among those with a better HIV/AIDS-related knowledge score, targeted HIV/AIDS-related health education interventions maybe recommended in this regard.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in "AIDS Care" on March 4th, 2015, available online:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 新井 明日奈

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