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Serological Survey and Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Domestic Goats in Myanmar

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Title: Serological Survey and Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Domestic Goats in Myanmar
Authors: Bawm, Saw Browse this author
Maung, Wint Yi Browse this author
Win, Myat Yee Browse this author
Thu, May June Browse this author
Chel, Hla Myet Browse this author
Khaing, Tin Aye Browse this author
Wai, Soe Soe Browse this author
Htun, Lat Lat Browse this author
Myaing, Tin Tin Browse this author
Tiwananthagorn, Saruda Browse this author
Igarashi, Makoto Browse this author
Katakura, Ken Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 18-Jan-2016
Publisher: Hindawi
Journal Title: Scientifica
Issue: 4794318
Publisher DOI: 10.1155/2016/4794318
Abstract: Goat farming is important for the livelihood of millions of rural people because it contributes to food security and creation of assets. However, infection of goats with Toxoplasma gondii could be a source of parasite transmission to humans. The information on T. gondii infection of goat was not reported yet in Myanmar. A total of 119 goat serum samples were collected from three cities in the central region of Myanmar for T. gondii antibody survey. With the occurrence value obtained in this first study, a second one, more complete, with larger number (162) of animals and properties, was carried out and the risk factors and prevalence were determined. In both studies the samples were analyzed by the LAT. Of these, 32 (11.4%) samples were showed to be positive. The infection was associated with the presence of cats at the farm (odds ratio [OR] = 4.66, 95% confidential interval [CI] = 1.03-21.06), farming with different animal species (sheep, cattle, and pigs) (OR = 4.33, 95% CI = 1.57-11.94), and farming without good management practices (OR = 0.23, 95% CI = 0.06-0.83). This is the first T. gondii prevalence study in goats in the country.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 片倉 賢

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