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Volume 64 Number 2 >

Evaluation of a combination of alfaxalone with medetomidine and butorphanol for inducing surgical anesthesia in laboratory mice

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://doi.org/10.14943/jjvr.64.2.131

Title: Evaluation of a combination of alfaxalone with medetomidine and butorphanol for inducing surgical anesthesia in laboratory mice
Authors: Higuchi, Shota Browse this author
Yamada, Riku Browse this author
Hashimoto, Asami Browse this author
Miyoshi, Kenjiro Browse this author
Yamashita, Kazuto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ohsugi, Takeo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: alfaxalone
anesthesia
butorphanol
medetomidine
mice
Issue Date: May-2016
Publisher: Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Journal Title: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume: 64
Issue: 2
Start Page: 131
End Page: 139
Abstract: The anesthetic effects of alfaxalone were investigated in mice. Mice were administered alfaxalone (100 mg/kg) alone or the combinations of 0.3 mg/kg of medetomidine and 5 mg/kg of butorphanol with alfaxalone at doses of 20 mg/kg (M/B/A20), 40 mg/kg (M/B/A40), 60 mg/kg (M/B/A60), or 80 mg/kg (M/B/A80). Control mice received 0.3 mg/kg of medetomidine, 4 mg/kg of midazolam, and 5 mg/kg of butorphanol (M/M/B). Each drug was administrated by intraperitoneal (IP) or subcutaneous (SC) routes. M/M/B IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia but M/M/B SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 10 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 45 min. The anesthetic scores were very low after IP or SC administration of alfaxalone alone. M/B/A20 IP and SC did not achieve surgical anesthesia. M/B/A40 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia but M/B/A40 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 10 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 35 min. M/B/A60 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 5 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 75 min. By contrast, M/B/A60 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia. M/B/A80 SC achieved surgical anesthesia within 5 min after administration and maintained anesthesia for 85 min. By contrast, M/B/A80 IP did not achieve surgical anesthesia and one mouse died about 10 min after drug administration. Administration of atipamezole rapidly reversed anesthesia induced by M/B/A60 in mice. These results suggest that M/B/A60 SC, an alfaxalone-based combination, is suitable for inducing surgical anesthesia in laboratory mice.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/62215
Appears in Collections:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research > Volume 64 Number 2

Submitter: 獣医学部図書室

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