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The effects of cognitive remediation therapy using the frontal/executive program for autism spectrum disorder

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タイトル: The effects of cognitive remediation therapy using the frontal/executive program for autism spectrum disorder
著者: Miyajima, Maki 著作を一覧する
Omiya, Hidetoshi 著作を一覧する
Yamashita, Kiyoko 著作を一覧する
Miyata, Tomoki 著作を一覧する
Yambe, Kenji 著作を一覧する
Matsui, Mie 著作を一覧する
Denda, Kenzo 著作を一覧する
キーワード: cognitive disorders
autism spectrum disorder
executive function
rehabilitation
発行日: 2016年 4月
出版者: SAGE Publications
誌名: International journal of psychiatry in medicine
巻: 51
号: 3
開始ページ: 223
終了ページ: 235
出版社 DOI: 10.1177/0091217416651254
抄録: Objective: The cognitive features and treatment of autism spectrum disorder have been the subject of much debate in recent years. Therapeutic approaches to date have focused on skills acquisition, support tailored to the characteristics of autism spectrum disorder, and interventions in social cognitive functioning; there have been few reports describing interventions aimed at neurocognitive dysfunction. In this study, we focus on impairment of executive functioning in autism spectrum disorder patients and investigate improvements in executive functioning and their generalization to social functioning. Method: The intervention adopted for this study was cognitive remediation therapy using the frontal/executive program. To investigate the effectiveness of frontal/executive program, 15 subjects who consented to participate in the study were randomly assigned to an intervention group or control group. Frontal/executive program was administered to the intervention group for about six months. Both groups were evaluated using the same scales: BACS-J, WCST, and CPT for cognitive assessment; SCoRS-J, GAF, and LASMI for social functioning; and GSE for self-efficacy. Results: Both groups had lower scores for cognitive functioning than normal individuals at baseline. After completion of frontal/executive program, the intervention group showed improved performance on BACS-J for overall score, digit sequencing, verbal fluency, and Tower of London tasks. Improvements were also seen on SCoRS-J and LASMI scales of social functioning. Conclusions: This was the first study to use frontal/executive program to focus on neurocognitive dysfunction in autism spectrum disorder patients. Frontal/executive program is effective in improving impaired executive functioning in autism spectrum disorder patients and may also lead to improvements in some aspects of social functioning.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/62621
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 傳田 健三

 

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