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Warm temperature conditions restrict the sexual reproduction and vegetative growth of the spring ephemeral Gagea lutea (Liliaceae)

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Title: Warm temperature conditions restrict the sexual reproduction and vegetative growth of the spring ephemeral Gagea lutea (Liliaceae)
Authors: Sunmonu, Ninuola Browse this author
Kudo, Gaku Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Leaf traits
Pollen germination
Spring ephemeral
Vegetative growth
Warm spring
Issue Date: Oct-2015
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Plant Ecology
Volume: 216
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1419
End Page: 1431
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11258-015-0520-6
Abstract: The responses of reproduction and growth to climate warming are important issues to predict the fate of plant populations at high latitudes. Spring ephemerals inhabiting cool-temperate forests grow better under cool conditions, but how reproductive performance is influenced by warm weather is unclear. The phenological and physiological responses of reproduction and vegetative growth to warm temperature and light conditions were evaluated in the spring ephemeral Gagea lutea. Leaf and bract physiological activities, bulb growth, and seed production were compared among reproductive plants grown in forest, open, and greenhouse (GH; warming manipulation in the open site) plots. In vitro pollen germination ability was tested under various temperatures. In the GH, leaf and bract photosynthetic activities decreased rapidly at the fruiting stage, but dark respiration rates remained high, resulting in higher carbon exhaust in warm conditions. Both leaf and bract sizes and their longevities were reduced in the GH. Annual bulb growth was largest in the forest plot and smallest in the GH plot. Pollen germination was strongly inhibited at high temperature (30 degrees C). Fruit and seed productions were decreased only in the GH plot. Both vegetative and reproductive activities were negatively affected by warm temperature, resulting in less vegetative growth and lower seed-set, whereas an understory habitat was beneficial for vegetative growth and showed similar seed production to an open habitat over the experimental period. Decreasing population dynamics of spring ephemerals was predicted in response to future warming climate not only by growth inhibition but also by restriction of seed production.
Rights: Authors may self-archive the author’s accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 工藤 岳

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