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Evaluating Welfare Effects of Rice Import Quota in Japan : Based on Measuring Non-Tariff Barriers of SBS Rice Imports

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Title: Evaluating Welfare Effects of Rice Import Quota in Japan : Based on Measuring Non-Tariff Barriers of SBS Rice Imports
Authors: Gao, Qianhui Browse this author
Ito, Shoichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ogundari, Kolawole Browse this author
Saito, Hisamitsu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: simultaneous buy and sell (SBS)
consumption patterns
elasticity of substitution
preference parameters
non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs)
tariff equivalents
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2016
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Sustainability
Volume: 8
Issue: 8
Start Page: 817
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/su8080817
Abstract: The principal objective of this study is to analyze welfare effects of Japan's rice import quota focusing on the simultaneous buy and sell (SBS) of the rice importation minimum access (MA) policy. Based on the utility function specified in this study, the constructed model is adopted to measure consumption patterns through estimating elasticity of substitution between imported rice and Japan's domestic rice, and consumers' preference parameters for different kinds of rice. The results showed that Japanese households prefer domestic rice to the imported rice. Besides, three scenarios of adjusting rice quota volumes were carried out to examine the changes in consumer prices of imported rice and Japanese consumers' welfares. The results revealed that tariff equivalents of the SBS import quota almost doubled the scale of the mark-up, and the intervention by the Ministry of Agriculture of Japan did cause non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs). Finally, if the SBS rice quota quantity was fixed at or larger than 180 thousand tons every fiscal year, the consumer prices of imported rice in Japan's market would decrease to be less than the prices of Japan's domestic rice, and therefore the imported rice would have more price advantages in this scenario.
Rights: 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/63227
Appears in Collections:公共政策学教育部・公共政策学連携研究部 (Graduate School of Public Policy / Faculty of Public Policy) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 齋藤 久光

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