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第10巻 第2号 >


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Title: 十勝における大規模畑作経営の展開過程と経営成果
Other Titles: An Analysis of the Expansion and Profitability of Large-Scale Upland Farming in Tokachi District
Authors: 平石, 学1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Hiraishi, Gaku1
Issue Date: 30-Mar-2002
Publisher: 北海道農業経済学会
Journal Title: 北海道農業経済研究
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Start Page: 58
End Page: 70
Abstract: In the Tokachi District there has been an astonishing increase in the development of large-scale upland farming, especially in the peripheral areas where agricultural production capacity is lower. Recently, there has been an increase in number of upland farms that are more than 50 hectares in size. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the potential problems associated with expanding the scale of upland farms. The study examined four upland farmers in the Tokachi District. 1) The proportion of cultivated crops relative to farm size has steadily declined in the last ten years. By changing work procedures it is possible to maintain current upland farming land use patterns and the crop rotation system for farms up to 50 hectares in size. When farms reach 70 hectares in size, however, it is very difficult to maintain the crop rotation system without changing work procedures and the combination of cultivated crops. If changes are not made the farmer is forced to perform work at less than optimal times. Expanding upland farming scale to 70 hectares, without a technical foundation, will cause a decrease in land productivity. 2) Enlarging farm size while maintaining the crop rotation system requires an increase in fixed capital expenditures. This in turn raises depreciation costs. The depreciation costs for a 70-hectare farm are especially high and the depreciation costs per hectare cannot be reduced. In short, economies of scale do not exist in large-scale upland farming. This suggests that fixed machinery costs will not decrease with an increase in farm size. 3) Enlarging farm size, up to 50 hectares, in peripheral areas clearly increases farm income, but at 70 hectares, because of a decrease in land productivity and an increase in depreciation costs, farm income is severely restricted. At 70 hectares the efficiency of farm management decreases and both income ratio and income per acre falls.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics > 第10巻 第2号

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