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北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics >
第14巻 第2号 >


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Title: LCAを用いた北海道酪農専業地帯における環境負荷排出量の定量評価
Other Titles: Life Cycle Assessment of Dairy Farming in a Hokkaido Dairy Farming Area
Authors: 増田, 清敬1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Masuda, Kiyotaka1
Issue Date: 27-Feb-2009
Publisher: 北海道農業経済学会
Journal Title: 北海道農業経済研究
Volume: 14
Issue: 2
Start Page: 49
End Page: 64
Abstract: In recent years, environmental problems in a Hokkaido dairy farming area have been receiving significant attention. The rate of increase in the number of cows has been greater than that of cultivated acreage in this area. Therefore, environmental problems resulting from dairy farming might degrade this area. This paper quantitatively evaluated environmental problems from dairy farming in this area, using LCA (Life Cycle Assessment), which can analyze environmental impacts throughout a product's life cycle. The subject of this paper was dairy farming in Hokkaido Nemuro subprefecture from 1975 to 1994. In this LCA, the functional unit is 1 ha of cultivated area, and the environmental impact categories are global warming, acidification, and eutrophication. The results of this paper showed that the growth in the number of cows has increased the environmental problems associated with dairy farming in this area. The increase in environmental impact categories from 1975 to 1994 were as follows; global warming potential; 53.6%, acidification potential; 75.7%, eutrophication potential; 243.2%.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道農業経済研究 = Hokkaido Jounal of Agricultural Economics > 第14巻 第2号

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