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A new skull of the fossil porpoise Numataphocoena yamashitai (Cetacea: Phocoenidae) from the upper part of the Horokaoshirarika Formation (lower Pliocene), Numata Town, Hokkaido, Japan, and its phylogenetic position

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タイトル: A new skull of the fossil porpoise Numataphocoena yamashitai (Cetacea: Phocoenidae) from the upper part of the Horokaoshirarika Formation (lower Pliocene), Numata Town, Hokkaido, Japan, and its phylogenetic position
著者: Tanaka, Yoshihiro 著作を一覧する
Ichishima, Hiroto 著作を一覧する
キーワード: skull
Phocoenidae
phylogeny
maxillary terrace
ontogeny
intraspecies variation
発行日: 2016年 9月
出版者: Coquina Press
誌名: Palaeontologia Electronica
巻: 19
号: 3
開始ページ: 1
終了ページ: 28
抄録: An early Pliocene porpoise, Numataphocoena yamashitai from Hokkaido, Japan, is known from the holotype, a fairly well-preserved skeleton with an incomplete skull and a referred earbone. A new skull referred to Numataphocoena yamashitai found from almost the same locality as the holotype is interesting because it expands knowledge of skull morphology and improves the diagnosis of this taxon. Numataphocoena yamashitai differs from other phocoenids in having the characteristic feature in the maxilla associated with the posterior dorsal infraorbital foramen, narrower and sharper anterior part of the internal acoustic meatus, and a robust anterior process of the periotic. A new cladistic analysis places Numataphocoena yamashitai adjacent to Haborophocoena toyoshimai and Haborophocoena minutus, among a clade of early branching phocoenids, all of which are chronologically and geographically close to each other. The new skull is probably a younger individual because it is about 80% the size of that of the holotype and it shows closed but unfused sutures. Our description of this specimen helps to understand the intraspecies variation of the extinct species Numataphocoena yamashitai.
資料タイプ: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/63928
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 田中 嘉寛

 

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