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Mesophyll conductance in leaves of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) seedlings grown under elevated CO2 concentration and low N availability

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Title: Mesophyll conductance in leaves of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) seedlings grown under elevated CO2 concentration and low N availability
Authors: Kitao, Mitsutoshi Browse this author
Yazaki, Kenichi Browse this author
Kitaoka, Satoshi Browse this author
Fukatsu, Eitaro Browse this author
Tobita, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Komatsu, Masabumi Browse this author
Maruyama, Yutaka Browse this author
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal Title: Physiologia plantarum
Volume: 155
Issue: 4
Start Page: 435
End Page: 445
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/ppl.12335
PMID: 25690946
Abstract: To test the hypothesis that mesophyll conductance (g(m)) would be reduced by leaf starch accumulation in plants grown under elevated CO2 concentration [CO2], we investigated g(m) in seedlings of Japanese white birch grown under ambient and elevated [CO2] with an adequate and limited nitrogen supply using simultaneous gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements. Both elevated [CO2] and limited nitrogen supply decreased area-based leaf N accompanied with a decrease in the maximum rate of Rubisco carboxylation (V-c,(max)) on a CO2 concentration at chloroplast stroma (C-c) basis. Conversely, only seedlings grown at elevated [CO2] under limited nitrogen supply had significantly higher leaf starch content with significantly lower gm among the treatment combinations. Based on a leaf anatomical analysis using microscopic photographs, however, there were no significant difference in the area of chloroplast surfaces facing intercellular space per unit leaf area among treatment combinations. Thicker cell walls were suggested in plants grown under limited N by increases in leaf mass per area subtracting non-structural carbohydrates. These results suggest that starch accumulation and/or thicker cell walls in the leaves grown at elevated [CO2] under limited N supply might hinder CO2 diffusion in chloroplasts and cell walls, which would be an additional cause of photosynthetic downregulation as well as a reduction in Rubisco activity related to the reduced leaf N under elevated [CO2].
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mesophyll conductance in leaves of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) seedlings grown under elevated CO2 concentration and low N availability, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/ppl.12335. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Relation: http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/63955
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小池 孝良

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