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Occurrence patterns of facilitation by shade along a water gradient are mediated by species traits

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タイトル: Occurrence patterns of facilitation by shade along a water gradient are mediated by species traits
著者: Egawa, Chika 著作を一覧する
Tsuyuzaki, Shiro 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Biomass allocation
Drought
Facilitation
Shade
Post-mined peatland
発行日: 2015年 1月
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Acta Oecologica : International Journal of Ecology
巻: 62
開始ページ: 45
終了ページ: 52
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2014.12.001
抄録: In disturbed habitats, shade often has facilitative effects on plants by ameliorating water and thermal stresses. Facilitation by shade tends to increase as water availability decreases. At the same time, several studies have suggested that facilitation by shade is not affected by water status or collapses under extremely dry conditions. We hypothesized that traits of beneficiary plants, specifically, the flexibility in the allocation of biomass between shoots and roots, would mediate variation in the relationship between facilitation by shade and water status. To test this hypothesis, we examined the responses of two bog species to shade under various water conditions in a post-mined peatland. The seeds of Rhynchospora alba and Moliniopsis japonica were sown under three water levels (dry: 53% peat water content, wet: 77%, and control: 71%) x two shading levels (50% shaded and unshaded). The survival, biomass, and biomass allocation between the shoots and roots of the two species were monitored for two years. Shade increased the survival and biomass of both species. However, the facilitation of R. alba by shade was independent of water level, whereas the strength of the facilitative effects on M. japonica increased as water content decreased. R. alba preferentially allocated biomass to roots under dry conditions and was highly drought tolerant. M. japonica did not alter the allocation of its biomass in response to either shade or water level and was drought intolerant. Our results suggest that flexibility in biomass allocation of beneficiary plants mediates occurrence patterns of facilitation by shade along a water gradient. The facilitation of species with inflexible biomass allocation by shade through the amelioration of water stress increases as water availability decreases, whereas the facilitation of species with flexible biomass allocation is independent of water status. Such species-specific facilitation would promote the coexistence of diverse species in a community. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/64483
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 露崎 史朗

 

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