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Cyclic steps on ice

Yokokawa_et_al-2016-Journal_of_Geophysical_Research__Earth_Surface.pdf3.57 MBPDF見る/開く

タイトル: Cyclic steps on ice
著者: Yokokawa, M. 著作を一覧する
Izumi, N. 著作を一覧する
Naito, K. 著作を一覧する
Parker, G. 著作を一覧する
Yamada, T. 著作を一覧する
Greve, R. 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2016年 5月24日
出版者: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
誌名: Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface
巻: 121
号: 5
開始ページ: 1023
終了ページ: 1048
出版社 DOI: 10.1002/2015JF003736
抄録: Boundary waves often form at the interface between ice and fluid flowing adjacent to it, such as ripples under river ice covers, and steps on the bed of supraglacial meltwater channels. They may also be formed by wind, such as the megadunes on the Antarctic ice sheet. Spiral troughs on the polar ice caps of Mars have been interpreted to be cyclic steps formed by katabatic wind blowing over ice. Cyclic steps are relatives of upstream-migrating antidunes. Cyclic step formation on ice is not only a mechanical but also a thermodynamic process. There have been very few studies on the formation of either cyclic steps or upstream-migrating antidunes on ice. In this study, we performed flume experiments to reproduce cyclic steps on ice by flowing water, and found that trains of steps form when the Froude number is larger than unity. The features of those steps allow them to be identified as ice-bed analogs of cyclic steps in alluvial and bedrock rivers. We performed a linear stability analysis and obtained a physical explanation of the formation of upstream-migrating antidunes, i.e., precursors of cyclic steps. We compared the results of experiments with the predictions of the analysis and found the observed steps fall in the range where the analysis predicts interfacial instability. We also found that short antidune-like undulations formed as a precursor to the appearance of well-defined steps. This fact suggests that such antidune-like undulations correspond to the instability predicted by the analysis and are precursors of cyclic steps.
Rights: Copyright 2016 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
資料タイプ: article
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: Greve Ralf


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