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Evolution of Green Plants Accompanied Changes in Light-Harvesting Systems

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Title: Evolution of Green Plants Accompanied Changes in Light-Harvesting Systems
Authors: Kunugi, Motoshi Browse this author
Satoh, Soichirou Browse this author
Ihara, Kunio Browse this author
Shibata, Kensuke Browse this author
Yamagishi, Yukimasa Browse this author
Kogame, Kazuhiro Browse this author
Obokata, Junichi Browse this author
Takabayashi, Atsushi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tanaka, Ayumi Browse this author
Keywords: Evolution
Green algae
Land plants
Light adaptation
Issue Date: 6-Apr-2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal Title: Plant and Cell Physiology
Volume: 57
Issue: 6
Start Page: 1231
End Page: 1243
Publisher DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcw071
PMID: 27057002
Abstract: Photosynthetic organisms have various pigments enabling them to adapt to various light environments. Green plants are divided into two groups: streptophytes and chlorophytes. Streptophytes include some freshwater green algae and land plants, while chlorophytes comprise the other freshwater green algae and seawater green algae. The environmental conditions driving the divergence of green plants into these two groups and the changes in photosynthetic properties accompanying their evolution remain unknown. Here, we separated the core antennae of PSI and the peripheral antennae [light-harvesting complexes (LHCs)] in green plants by green-native gel electrophoresis and determined their pigment compositions. Freshwater green algae and land plants have high Chl a/b ratios, with most Chl b existing in LHCs. In contrast, seawater green algae have low Chl a/b ratios. In addition, Chl b exists not only in LHCs but also in PSI core antennae in these organisms, a situation beneficial for survival in deep seawater, where blue-green light is the dominant light source. Finally, low-energy Chl (red Chl) of PSI was detected in freshwater green algae and land plants, but not in seawater green algae. We thus conclude that the different level of Chl b accumulation in core antennae and differences in PSI red Chl between freshwater and seawater green algae are evolutionary adaptations of these algae to their habitats, especially to high-or low-light environments.
Rights: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Plant and Cell Physiology following peer review. The version of record Plant Cell Physiol. 57(6): 1231–1243 (2016) doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcw071 is available online at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 高林 厚史

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