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Identification of hydroxy- and keto-dicarboxylic acids in remote marine aerosols using gas chromatography/quadruple and time-of-flight mass spectrometry

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/65114

Title: Identification of hydroxy- and keto-dicarboxylic acids in remote marine aerosols using gas chromatography/quadruple and time-of-flight mass spectrometry
Authors: Gowda, Divyavani Browse this author
Kawamura, Kimitaka Browse this author
Tachibana, Eri Browse this author
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2016
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal Title: Rapid communications in mass spectrometry
Volume: 30
Issue: 7
Start Page: 992
End Page: 1000
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7527
PMID: 26969943
Abstract: Rationale The identification of hydroxy- and keto-dicarboxylic acids (diacids) in remote marine aerosol samples is important for a better understanding of the composition of organic particulate matter, as this chemical composition is essential for predicting the effects on climate, air quality, and human health. Molecular characterization of these compounds provides insights into sources and formation pathways of organic aerosols. MethodsThe method of chemical derivatization followed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID), gas chromatography/quadruple mass spectrometry (GC/QMS) and gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC/TOFMS) was used to identify hydroxy- and keto-diacids in remote marine aerosols. Atmospheric samples were collected at Chichijima Island in the western North Pacific and the diacids and related compounds were extracted with organic-free ultrapure water. A two-step derivatization technique was employed, using 14% BF3/n-butanol for the butylation of carboxyl groups and acidic ketones followed by N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) for the trimethylsilylation of hydroxyl groups. ResultsSeveral new peaks were detected in the gas chromatogram after trimethylsilylation of the dibutyl ester fraction. Based on mass spectral interpretation with authentic standards, we successfully identified and quantified a homologous series of hydroxydiacids, including tartaric and oxaloacetic acids. In addition, transformation of oxaloacetic acid into its enol form was elucidated. ConclusionsUtilizing GC-FID, GC/QMS and GC/TOFMS, hydroxy- and keto-diacids were identified in the remote marine aerosols. A complete structural characterization was achieved with extensive mass spectral analysis. Molecular distributions of hydroxydiacids generally showed the predominance of malic acid followed by tartronic acid. We consider that these hydroxydiacids are important intermediates in the atmospheric oxidation of organic aerosols to result in smaller diacids. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Rights: "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gowda, Divyavani; Kawamura, Kimitaka; Tachibana, Eri; Identification of hydroxy- and keto-dicarboxylic acids in remote marine aerosols using gas chromatography/quadruple and time-of-flight mass spectrometry Rapid communications in mass spectrometry v.30 pp.992-1000 2016, which has been published in final form at [10.1002/rcm.7527 ]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/65114
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 河村 公隆

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