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Organoids as an ex vivo model for studying the serotonin system in the murine small intestine and colon epithelium

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Title: Organoids as an ex vivo model for studying the serotonin system in the murine small intestine and colon epithelium
Authors: Tsuruta, Takeshi Browse this author
Saito, Shinichi Browse this author
Osaki, Yosuke Browse this author
Hamada, Akihiro Browse this author
Aoki-Yoshida, Ayako Browse this author
Sonoyama, Kei Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Intestinal organoid
Enterochromaffin cell
Short-chain fatty acid
Issue Date: 20-May-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume: 474
Issue: 1
Start Page: 161
End Page: 167
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.03.165
PMID: 27105910
Abstract: Intestinal organoids were recently established as an ex vivo model of the intestinal epithelium. The present study investigated the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) system using organoids. Organoids from murine small intestinal and colonic crypts were successfully cultured. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis showed that small intestinal and colonic organoids express mRNAs encoding tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (TPH1) (the rate-limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis), serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT), 5-HT receptor (HTR)2A, HTR2B, and HTR4. SERT mRNA levels were significantly higher in the small intestine than in the colon in both the mucosal tissues and organoids, as estimated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Although the 5-HT concentration and levels of chromogranin A (CgA) (an enteroendocrine cell marker), TPH1, and HTR4 mRNAs were significantly higher in the colonic mucosa than the small intestinal mucosa, they were the same in small intestinal and colonic organoids. There were no significant differences in HTR2A and HTR2B mRNA levels between the small intestine and colon in either the mucosal tissues or organoids. Immunofluorescence staining showed that the number of CgA-positive cells in the colonic organoids appeared to increase upon culturing with acetate. Acetate supplementation significantly increased CgA, TPH1, and HTR4 mRNA levels in the colonic organoids. We propose that organoids are useful for investigating the 5-HT system in the intestinal epithelium, even though colonic organoids may require gut microbiota derived factors such as short-chain fatty acids.
Rights: ©2016, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 園山 慶

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