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Phylogeography of Littorina brevicula suggests postglacial colonization from south to north along the Japanese Archipelago

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Title: Phylogeography of Littorina brevicula suggests postglacial colonization from south to north along the Japanese Archipelago
Authors: Azuma, Noriko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Chiba, Susumu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: May-2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal Title: The Journal of molluscan studies
Volume: 82
Start Page: 259
End Page: 267
Publisher DOI: 10.1093/mollus/eyv052
Abstract: Littorina brevicula is one of the most common gastropods in the supralittoral zone around Japan. The northernmost population of this species is around Hokkaido and the determinant of this northern limit is likely seawater and air temperature. To reconstruct an evolutionary history of this species, we investigated genetic differentiation among 12 populations (three from Hokkaido, six from Honshu and three from Kyushu) using a mitochondrial DNA marker (partial sequence of the NADH dehydrogenase 6 gene). The haplotype network showed shallow genetic divergence within the species, suggesting a bottleneck followed by population expansion. One major haplotype that occurred in 70.5% of all individuals examined was the most frequent in every population sampled. A second major haplotype was abundant around Kyushu but not found in Hokkaido. This skewed haplotype distribution resulted in significant genetic differentiation along the north-south axis of Japan. The importance of the southern clade, which included the second major haplotype, was supported by population genetic analyses of datasets that excluded either the southern clade or the northern clades. The north-south differentiation remained when datasets that excluded the northern clades were used, but disappeared when datasets that excluded the southern clade were used. The combined evidence of shallow divergence and the north-south population structure suggests that the L. brevicula population around Japan once declined and then expanded and colonized northward. Although the time of population reduction and recolonization could not be precisely estimated, the observation that this species is absent further north in Japan suggests that it would have been unable to survive in northern Japan during the last glacial maximum (LGM) and therefore recolonization likely occurred after the LGM, probably from south to north.
Rights: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Molluscan Studies following peer review. The version of record J. Mollus. Stud.(2016) 82: 259-267 is available online at:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 東 典子

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