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Persistent homology index as a robust quantitative measure of immunohistochemical scoring

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Title: Persistent homology index as a robust quantitative measure of immunohistochemical scoring
Authors: Takiyama, Akihiro Browse this author
Teramoto, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Hiroaki Browse this author
Yamashiro, Katsushige Browse this author
Tanaka, Shinya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Volume: 7
Start Page: 14002
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-14392-y
Abstract: Immunohistochemical data (IHC) plays an important role in clinical practice, and is typically gathered in a semi-quantitative fashion that relies on some degree of visual scoring. However, visual scoring by a pathologist is inherently subjective and manifests both intra-observer and inter-observer variability. In this study, we introduce a novel computer-aided quantification methodology for immunohistochemical scoring that uses the algebraic concept of persistent homology. Using 8 bit grayscale image data derived from 90 specimens of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast, stained for the replicative marker Ki-67, we computed homology classes. These were then compared to nuclear grades and the Ki-67 labeling indices obtained by visual scoring. Three metrics for IHC staining were newly defined: Persistent Homology Index (PHI), center coordinates of positive and negative groups, and the sum of squares within groups (WSS). This study demonstrates that PHI, a novel index for immunohistochemical labeling using persistent homology, can produce highly similar data to that generated by a pathologist using visual evaluation. The potential benefits associated with our novel technology include both improved quantification and reproducibility. Since our method reflects cellularity and nuclear atypia, it carries a greater quantity of biologic data compared to conventional evaluation using Ki-67.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/67995
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 瀧山 晃弘

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