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Changes in water properties and flow regime on the continental shelf off the Adelie/George V Land coast, East Antarctica, after glacier tongue calving

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Title: Changes in water properties and flow regime on the continental shelf off the Adelie/George V Land coast, East Antarctica, after glacier tongue calving
Authors: Aoki, S. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kobayashi, R. Browse this author
Rintoul, S. R. Browse this author
Tamura, T. Browse this author
Kusahara, K. Browse this author
Keywords: Antarctica
glacier tongue
circulation change
stable oxygen isotope ratio
Issue Date: 13-Aug-2017
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans
Volume: 122
Issue: 8
Start Page: 6277
End Page: 6294
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2017JC012925
Abstract: Oceanic changes before and after the relocation of iceberg B9B and calving of the Mertz Glacier Tongue (MGT) in February 2010 are examined on the continental shelf off the Adelie Land/George V Land coast, East Antarctica. Summer hydrographic observations, including stable oxygen isotope ratio (delta O-18), in 2001/2008 and 2011/2015 and results of a numerical model are used. Along the western flank of the MGT, temperature decreased between 2001 and 2015 for most of the water column in the Adelie Depression. delta O-18 generally decreased, especially at the MGT draft depths on the northern side. West of the MGT, temperature, salinity, and delta O-18 decreased in the intermediate layer. East of the MGT, in contrast, temperature increased between 2001 and 2011 at intermediate depths, salinity increased in the intermediate and deep layers, and delta O-18 slightly decreased in the deep layer but did not change much around 300 dbar. The numerical experiment exhibits a change in ocean circulation, revealing an increase in modified Circumpolar Deep Water (mCDW) inflow in the east and a decrease in the west. The contrasting changes in mCDW intrusion are consistent between the observations and numerical model, and are indicative of the effect of removal of the ice barriers. The contrast is overlain by overall decreases in salinity and delta O-18, which suggests an increase in the continental meltwater fraction of 5-20% and might reveal a wide-ranging influence from West Antarctica. The oxygen isotope ratio is, hence, effective in monitoring the increase in continental melt over the Antarctic shelf.
Rights: Copyright 2017 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 青木 茂

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