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Marker-Based Paternity Test in Polycross Breeding of Timothy

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タイトル: Marker-Based Paternity Test in Polycross Breeding of Timothy
著者: Tanaka, Tsuneki 著作を一覧する
Tamura, Ken-ichi 著作を一覧する
Ashikaga, Kazunori 著作を一覧する
Fujii, Hiroki 著作を一覧する
Yamada, Toshihiko 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2018年 1月15日
出版者: Crop Science Society of America
誌名: Crop science
巻: 58
号: 1
開始ページ: 273
終了ページ: 284
出版社 DOI: 10.2135/cropsci2017.08.0485
抄録: Although the polycross is a useful and cost effective mating design, a lack of paternal pedigree information is a major limitation for polycross breeding in forage grasses such as timothy (Phleum pratense L.). This study describes a paternity test for use in timothy breeding using polymorphic data on 27 genomic simple sequence repeat markers. The paternity test is a simple exclusion statistical test with a combination of maternal information. It successfully determined paternity (success rate = 97%) for 112 progeny plants derived from three polycross groups (A, B, and D). Indirectly selected paternal parents in polycrosses were inferior to maternal parents directly selected by polycross progeny tests mainly for forage yield. Chi-squared values (χ2) in goodness-of-fit tests of the frequency distribution of paternal parents compared with the expected probabilities revealed unbalanced selection in Polycrosses B and D (χ2 = 141.4*** and 82.7***, respectively). Significant differences among the maternal and paternal parents in breeding values for competitiveness toward legumes and low-digestibility fiber content indicate that unbalanced paternal selection would result from individual phenotypic selection for these traits. These results demonstrate that implementation of a marker-based paternity test in timothy polycross breeding could significantly improve the selection of superior paternal parents and redress problems of parental imbalance.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 山田 敏彦


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