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米全量全袋検査の運用実態と課題 : 放射性物質検査に関する制度的問題に着目して

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Title: 米全量全袋検査の運用実態と課題 : 放射性物質検査に関する制度的問題に着目して
Other Titles: Operational Conditions and Challenges of the Inspection Every Bag of Rice
Authors: 小松, 知未 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
小山, 良太 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
小池(相原), 晴伴 Browse this author
伊藤, 亮司 Browse this author
Keywords: Rice Inspection
Inspection of Radioactive Material
Rice Distribution
米検査
放射性物質検査
米流通
Issue Date: Nov-2015
Publisher: 東北農業経済学会
Journal Title: 農村経済研究
Journal Title(alt): Journal of rural society and economics
Volume: 33
Issue: 1
Start Page: 116
End Page: 124
Abstract: This paper examines in detail the operational conditions of the inspection of every bag of rice in Fukushima Prefecture, identifying the status of the system and its problems. First, I determined how Fukushima’s rice inspection was positioned in the broader institutional framework related to the inspection of radioactive material. Second, I summarized in detail the implementation of the inspections in Fukushima and their results. Third, I verified how the inspection results are employed. This comprehensive review identified several points with regard to the current system and how it should be revised. The main problem is that rice inspection is not stipulated in the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters’ guidelines for monitoring and inspection, and only Fukushima Prefecture is onducting this inspection at its own discretion. Results of the rice inspections conducted in 2012 demonstrate that it was difficult within the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters’ guidelines to provide a rapid response in cases where radiation levels exceeded standard values. It is recommended that the current system should undergo review, including a comprehensive evaluation of the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters, and that a framework should be established to indicate the geographical area where inspection is required. Additionally, an inspection system for rice for personal consumptionor traded privately among friends and family (enkomai) should be considered; a process for these inspections does not exist within the current system.
本稿では,福島県における米全量全袋検査の運用実態と検査結果を詳細に整理した上で,制度上の位置づけとその問題点を明らかにした.第一に,福島県が米全量全袋検査を実施していることが,放射性物質検査に関する制度の枠組みの中でどのように位置づけられているかを整理した.第二に,福島県における検査の実施体制と検査結果を詳細にまとめた.第三に,検査結果の活用実態を確認した.これらを総合的に考察した結果,制度上の問題点と見直しの方向性は下記のようであるといえる.問題点は,原子力災害対策本部のモニタリング検査の指針において米全量全袋検査の位置づけが定められておらず,福島県のみが自らの判断で検査を計画に組み込んでいることである.2012年度に福島県が実施した米全量全袋検査の結果から,原子力災害対策本部の指針レベルの体制では,基準値超の発見と迅速な対応が困難であったことが明らかになった.このことから,現行制度を見直し,原子力災害対策本部が総合的に判断して,検査エリアを指示する枠組みを構築するべきであるといえる.また,現状の制度では位置づけられていない飯米・縁故米の検査体制のあり方を検討すべきであるといえる.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/69996
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小松 知未

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