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Loss of luteotropic prostaglandin E plays an important role in the regulation of luteolysis in women

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Title: Loss of luteotropic prostaglandin E plays an important role in the regulation of luteolysis in women
Other Titles: Loss of PGE is important for luteolysis in women
Authors: Nio-Kobayashi, Junko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kudo, Masataka Browse this author
Sakuragi, Noriaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Iwanaga, Toshihiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Duncan, W. Colin Browse this author
Keywords: corpus luteum
hCG
luteinized granulosa cell
luteolysis
prostaglandin
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal Title: Molecular human reproduction
Volume: 23
Issue: 5
Start Page: 271
End Page: 281
Publisher DOI: 10.1093/molehr/gax011
PMID: 28333263
Abstract: STUDY QUESTION: Do intraluteal prostaglandins (PG) contribute to luteal regulation in women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prostaglandin E (PGE), which is produced in human granulosa-lutein cells stimulated with luteotropic hCG, exerts similar luteotropic effects to hCG, and the expression of PG synthetic and metabolic enzymes in the human CL is driven toward less PGE but more prostaglandin F (PGF) during luteolysis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Uterine PGF is a major luteolysin in many non-primate species but not in women. Increases in the PGF synthase, aldo-ketoreductase family one member C3 (AKRIC3), have been observed in the CL of marmoset monkeys during luteolysis. PGE prevents spontaneous or induced luteolysis in domestic animals. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Human CL tissues staged as the early-luteal (n = 6), mid-luteal (n = 6), late-luteal (n = 5) and men-strual (n = 3) phases were obtained at the time of hysterectomy for benign gynecological conditions. Luteinized granulosa cells (LGCs) were purified from follicular fluids obtained from patients undergoing assisted conception. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Upon collection, one half of the CL was snap-frozen and the other was fixed with formalin and processed for immunohistochemical analysis of a PGE synthase (PTGES). Quantitative RT-PCR was employed to examine changes in the mRNA abundance of PG synthetic and metabolic enzymes, steroidogenic enzymes, and luteolytic molecules in the staged human CL and in human LGCs in vitro treated with hCG, PGE and PGF. A PGE withdrawal experiment was also conducted in order to reveal the effects of the loss of PGE in LGCs. Progesterone concentrations in the culture medium were measured. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The key enzyme for PGE synthesis, PTGES mRNA was abundant in the functional CL during the mid-luteal phase (P < 0.01), while mRNA abundance for genes involved in PGF synthesis (AKRIBI and AKRICI-3) increased in the CL during the late-luteal phase and menstruation (P < 0.05-0.001). PTGES mRNA expression positively correlated with that of 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3BI; r = 0.7836, P < 0.001), while AKRIC3 expression inversely correlated with that of HSD3BI (r = -0.7514, P = 0.0012) and PTGES (r = -0.6923, P = 0.0042). PGE exerted similar effects to hCG-promoting genes, such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) and HSD3BI, to produce progesterone and luteotropic PGE, suppress PGF synthetic enzymes and down-regulate luteolytic molecules such as beta A- and beta B-inhibin subunits (INHBA and INHBB) and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP2, BMP4 and BMP6). PGE withdrawal resulted in reductions in the enzymes that produce progesterone (STAR; P < 0.001) and PGE (PTGES; P < 0.001), and the capacity to produce PGE decreased, while the capacity to produce PGF increased during the culture. The addition of PGF did not recapitulate the luteolytic effects of PGE withdrawal. LARGE SCALE DATA: None. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Changes in mRNA expression of PG synthetic and metabolic enzymes may not represent actual increases in PGF during luteolysis in the CL. The effects of PGF on luteal cells currently remain unclear and the mechanisms responsible for decreases in the synthesis of PGE in vitro and at luteolysis have not been elucidated in detail. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The results obtained strongly support a luteotropic function of PGE in regulation of the human CL. They suggest that the main PG produced in human luteal tissue changes from PGE to PGF during the maturation and regression of the CL, and the loss of PGE is more important than the effects of PGF during luteolysis in women. This may be accompanied by reduced effects of LH/hCG in luteal cells, particularly decreased activation of cAMP/protein kinase A; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown.
Rights: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Molecular Human Reproduction following peer review. The version of record Mol Hum Reprod (2017) 23 (5): 271-281 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/molehr/gax011
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70031
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小林 純子

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