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Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of ambient aerosols collected from Okinawa Island in the western North Pacific Rim, an outflow region of Asian dusts and pollutants

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Title: Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of ambient aerosols collected from Okinawa Island in the western North Pacific Rim, an outflow region of Asian dusts and pollutants
Authors: Kunwar, Bhagawati Browse this author
Kawamura, Kimitaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Zhu, Chunmao Browse this author
Keywords: Isotope ratios
Total carbon
Total nitrogen
Nitrate
Water-soluble organic nitrogen
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Atmospheric environment
Volume: 131
Start Page: 243
End Page: 253
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.035
Abstract: Stable carbon (delta C-13) and nitrogen (delta N-15) isotope ratios were measured for total carbon (TC) and nitrogen (TN), respectively, in aerosol (TSP) samples collected at Cape Hedo, Okinawa, an outflow region of Asian pollutants, during 2009-2010. The averaged delta C-13 and delta N-15 ratios are -22.2 parts per thousand and +12.5 parts per thousand, respectively. The delta C-13 values are similar in both spring (-22.5 parts per thousand) and winter (-22.5 parts per thousand), suggesting the similar sources and/or source regions. We found that delta C-13 from Okinawa aerosols are ca. 2 parts per thousand higher than those reported from Chinese megacities probably due to photochemical aging of organic aerosols. A strong correlation (r = 0.81) was found between nss-Ca and TSP, suggesting that springtime aerosols are influenced from Asian dusts. However, carbonates in the Asian dusts were titrated with acidic species such as sulfuric acid and oxalic acid during atmospheric transport although two samples suggested the presence of remaining carbonate. No correlations were found between delta C-13 and tracer compounds (levoglucosan, elemental carbon, oxalic acid, and Na+). During winter and spring, coal burning is significant source in China. Based on isotopic mass balance, contribution of coal burning origin particles to total aerosol carbon was estimated as ca. 97% in winter, which is probably associated with the high emissions in China. Contribution of NO3- to TN was on average 45% whereas that of NH4+ was 18%. These results suggest that vehicular exhaust is an important source of TN in Okinawa aerosols. Concentration of water-soluble organic nitrogen (WSON) is higher in summer, suggesting that WSON is more emitted from the ocean in warmer season whereas inorganic nitrogen is more emitted in winter and spring from pollution sources in the Asian continent.
Rights: © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70087
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 河村 公隆

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