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Effect of glacial drainage water on the CO2 system and ocean acidification state in an Arctic tidewater-glacier fjord during two contrasting years

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Title: Effect of glacial drainage water on the CO2 system and ocean acidification state in an Arctic tidewater-glacier fjord during two contrasting years
Authors: Fransson, Agneta Browse this author
Chierici, Melissa Browse this author
Nomura, Daiki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Granskog, Mats A. Browse this author
Kristiansen, Svein Browse this author
Martma, Tõnu Browse this author
Nehrke, Gernot Browse this author
Keywords: carbonate system
fjord chemistry
land-ocean interaction
freshwater
carbonitic bedrock
primary production
atmospheric CO 2 uptake
West-Spitsbergen shelf
Svalbard
Issue Date: 2-Apr-2015
Publisher: Wiley
Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans
Volume: 120
Issue: 4
Start Page: 2413
End Page: 2429
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010320
Abstract: In order to investigate the effect of glacial water on the CO2 system in the fjord, we studied the variability of the total alkalinity (AT), total dissolved inorganic carbon (CT), dissolved inorganic nutrients, oxygen isotopic ratio (δ18O), and freshwater fractions from the glacier front to the outer Tempelfjorden on Spitsbergen in winter 2012 (January, March, and April) and 2013 (April) and summer/fall 2013 (September). The two contrasting years clearly showed that the influence of freshwater, mixing, and haline convection affected the chemical and physical characteristics of the fjord. The seasonal variability showed the lowest calcium carbonate saturation state (Ω) and pH values in March 2012 coinciding with the highest freshwater fractions. The highest Ω and pH were found in September 2013, mostly due to CO2 uptake during primary production. Overall, we found that increased freshwater supply decreased Ω, pH, and AT. On the other hand, we observed higher AT relative to salinity in the freshwater end‐member in the mild and rainy winter of 2012 (1142 μmol kg−1) compared to AT in 2013 (526 μmol kg−1). Observations of calcite and dolomite crystals in the glacial ice suggested supply of carbonate‐rich glacial drainage water to the fjord. This implies that winters with a large amount of glacial drainage water partly provide a lessening of further ocean acidification, which will also affect the air‐sea CO2 exchange.
Rights: © 2015 The Authors
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70590
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 野村 大樹

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