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Ice front and flow speed variations of marine-terminating outlet glaciers along the coast of Prudhoe Land, northwestern Greenland

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70767

Title: Ice front and flow speed variations of marine-terminating outlet glaciers along the coast of Prudhoe Land, northwestern Greenland
Authors: Sakakibara, Daiki Browse this author
Sugiyama, Shin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Arctic glaciology
glacier fluctuations
glacier monitoring
ice velocity
remote sensing
Issue Date: Apr-2018
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Journal Title: Journal of glaciology
Volume: 64
Issue: 244
Start Page: 300
End Page: 310
Publisher DOI: 10.1017/jog.2018.20
Abstract: Satellite images were analyzed to measure the frontal positions and ice speeds of 19 marine-terminating outlet glaciers along the coast of Prudhoe Land, northwestern Greenland from 1987 to 2014. All the studied glaciers retreated over the study period at a rate of between 12 and 200 m a(-1), with a median (mean) retreat rate of 30 (40) m a(-1). The glacier retreat began in the year similar to 2000, which coincided with an increase in summer mean air temperature from 1.4 to 5.5 degrees C between 1996 and 2000 in this region. Ice speed near the front of the studied glaciers ranged between 20 and 1740 m a(-1) in 2014, and many of them accelerated in the early 2000s. In general, the faster retreat was observed at the glaciers that experienced greater acceleration, as represented by Tracy Glacier, which experienced a retreat of 200 m a(-1) and a velocity increase of 930 m a(-1) during the study period. A possible interpretation of this observation is that flow acceleration induced dynamic thinning near the termini, resulting in enhanced calving and rapid retreat of the studied glaciers. We hypothesize that atmospheric warming conditions in the late 1990s triggered glacier retreat in northwestern Greenland since 2000.
Rights: © 2018 Daiki Sakakibara and Shin Sugiyama.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/70767
Appears in Collections:北極域研究センター (Arctic Research Center) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles,etc)

Submitter: 榊原 大貴

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