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Dietary supplementation of red alga Pyropia spheroplasts on growth, feed utilization and body composition of sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka)

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Title: Dietary supplementation of red alga Pyropia spheroplasts on growth, feed utilization and body composition of sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka)
Authors: Shahabuddin, A M Browse this author
Khan, Mohammad Nakib Dad Browse this author
Mikami, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Araki, Toshiyoshi Browse this author
Yoshimatsu, Takao Browse this author
Keywords: Apostichopus japonicas
enzyme
growth
Pyropia yezoensis
red alga
spheroplasts
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Journal Title: Aquaculture Research
Volume: 48
Issue: 10
Start Page: 5363
End Page: 5372
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/are.13350
Abstract: A feeding experiment was conducted in a closed recirculating system to evaluate the effects of freeze‐dried spheroplasts prepared from Pyropia yezoensis (Ueda) on feed intake, growth and biochemical composition of sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka). Pyropea spheroplasts (PS) were prepared through enzymatic treatment to break down the complex mixture of polysaccharides cell walls that might be easier for growth energy partitioning. Sea cucumbers were fed‐formulated diets with 10 (Diet 1), 30 (Diet 2) and 50 g/kg (Diet 3) inclusion level of PS. A diet without PS was used as a control (Diet 4). The experiment was conducted for 6 weeks maintaining water temperature 15 ± 1°C, photoperiod 18:06 hours (D:L). Feed was supplied ad‐libitum at 16.00 h once in a day, and the remaining feed and faeces were removed in the next day. Results showed that the highest growth was observed in the 50 g/kg PS diet compared to other treatments. Total weight gain, mean weight gain, net yield, protein efficiency ratio (PER) and protein gain (%) were significantly higher in the 50 g/kg PS diet (p < .05). A significantly higher percentage of energy was allocated for growth in the 50 g/kg PS diet. The highest specific growth rate and feed conversion efficiency (p < .05) were observed in the higher percentage of PS diet. Both the growth performance and biochemical analysis showed that superior growth was observed with increasing levels of PS in the diet. We infer that PS can be used as a new, cheaper feed ingredient in the formulated diet of A. japonicus.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Aquaculture research, 48(10), 5363-5372, 2017, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/are 13350. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/71574
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 三上 浩司

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