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Flow experience enhances the effectiveness of attentional training: A pilot randomized controlled trial of patients with attention deficits after traumatic brain injury

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Title: Flow experience enhances the effectiveness of attentional training: A pilot randomized controlled trial of patients with attention deficits after traumatic brain injury
Authors: Yoshida, Kazuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ogawa, Keita Browse this author
Mototani, Takuroh Browse this author
Inagaki, Yuji Browse this author
Sawamura, Daisuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ikoma, Katsunori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sakai, Shinya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Flow state
attention
brain injury
randomized controlled trial
rehabilitation
psychological effects
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: IOS Press
Journal Title: NeuroRehabilitation
Volume: 43
Issue: 2
Start Page: 183
End Page: 193
Publisher DOI: 10.3233/NRE-172396
PMID: 30040757
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Flow is an optimal psychological state when people engage in a training task, and it is a theory explaining the absorbed state. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the additional effect of flow on attention deficits for chronic patients after traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly assigned to the flow group (n = 10) or the control group. Patients performed a video game task, one inducing flow (flow group) and the other not (control group) for 4 weeks, and they were assessed with the flow state scale for occupational tasks (FSSOT) regularly and neuropsychological tests at baseline, after intervention, and at 4 weeks after intervention (follow-up). RESULTS: Although both groups significantly improved their attentional function after intervention, patients in the flow group tended to show more improvement of attention. The effect size of the neuropsychological test of attention was positive, and its value was small to medium. There was a significant positive correlation between improvement of attention and the FSSOT score. CONCLUSIONS: Attention training with induction of the flow was associated with greater improvement of attention. The results of this study may provide provisional evidence of the effectiveness of rehabilitation considering the patient's psychological state.
Rights: The final publication is available at IOS Press through http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-172396
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/71654
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 吉田 一生

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